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The use of gas

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Extract from Defensive Measures Against Gas Attacks.

Extract from Defensive Measures Against Gas Attacks.

Extracts from Defensive Measures Against Gas Attacks. (DUL ref: Lowe Papers File A2)

 

 

Gas was used by both sides fighting in the First World War. The first few gas attacks used tear gas but from 1915 poisonous gases such as chlorine, phosgene and mustard gas started to be used.

This source is an extract from a pamphlet entitled Defensive Measures Against Gas Attacks. Read it carefully before answering the questions below. A transcript and enlarged version are available.

 

1. After reading this source, do you think the pamphlet is written from a defensive or offensive point of view? Which side used gas in the First World War?

2. Why would the enemy want to use gas? What tactical advantages does it offer?

3. What are the disadvantages of using gas?

4. What impact do you think the use of gas had on the First World War?

 

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