was used by both sides fighting in the First World War. The first few
gas attacks used tear gas but from 1915 poisonous gases such as chlorine,
phosgene and mustard gas started to be used.
source is an extract from a pamphlet entitled Defensive
Measures Against Gas Attacks. Read it carefully before answering
the questions below. A transcript and enlarged
version are available.
reading this source, do you think the pamphlet is written from a defensive
or offensive point of view? Which side used gas in the First World War?
would the enemy want to use gas? What tactical advantages does it offer?
are the disadvantages of using gas?
impact do you think the use of gas had on the First World War?