RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED BY THE FIRST ALL-RUSSIAN
CONGRESS OF SOVIETS, JUNE 1917
The Congress . . . agrees that:
- 1. ... it would have been a severe blow to the
revolution to have handed over power to the bourgeoisie alone; and
- 2. That it would have greatly weakened and threatened
the revolution to have handed over all the power, at this time, to the
Soviets of Workers' and Soldiers' Deputies, for such an act would have
alienated certain elements of the population that are still able to serve
the cause of the revolution. For these reasons, the All-Russian Congress
of Soviets of Workers' and Soldiers' Deputies approves the action of the
Petrograd Soviet during May 3 and 4, in forming a coalition government
on a definite democratic platform, both in foreign and domestic affairs.
Having heard the explanations of the comrade-ministers on the general policy
of the Provisional Revolutionary Government, and having expressed full
confidence in them, the All-Russian Congress agrees that this policy answers
the interests of the revolution. The Congress calls on the Provisional
Government to carry out resolutely and systematically the democratic platform
which has been adopted, and in particular
- a. To strive persistently for the earliest conclusion
of a general peace without annexation, indemnity, and on the basis of self-determination;
- b. To continue further the democratization of
the army, and to increase its fighting power; . . .
- g. In particular, the Congress demands the speediest
convocation of the All-Russian Constituent Assembly ...
The Congress calls on all the revolutionary democracy
of Russia to gather around the Soviets of Workers' Soldiers' and Peasants'
Deputies, and to support the Provisional Government energetically in all
its efforts to strengthen and broaden the conquests of the revolution.
This resolution ... was accepted by a vote of
543 to 126 (52 not voting) ...