Durham University Geography
A. Scholten (PhD 2007) Honorary Research Fellow 2009-12 Mail to: South Road, Science Labs, Durham City, County
Durham, DH1 3LE England, UK Email: B.A.Scholten@durham.ac.uk and firstname.lastname@example.org
Sunderland University Visiting Lecturer 2009-11: email@example.com
Editor, RGRG Newsletter (UK Rural Geography Research Group):
http://www.dur.ac.uk/geography/rgrg_newsletter/ Submissions welcome to: firstname.lastname@example.org
* INDIA'S WHITE REVOLUTION: Operation Flood,
Food Aid and Development Book published UK
(July 2010 hardback); USA (Aug. 2010 hb); India (Sept. 2010 paperback) Http://www.amazon.co.uk/Indias-White-Revolution-Operation-Development/dp/1848851766 by Bruce A. Scholten How dairy leaders - answerable to cooperative farmers
- used EEC food aid toassist rural development,
while passing the USA in milk output and boosting growth in the WTO era. Since
2007 millions have returned
to food poverty, but lessons can be learned by considering how cooperatives
strengthened India's food security.
'Operation Flood', 1970-1996, was the world's largest dairy aid programme, but
critics accused it of luring
India to neocolonial dependence on European surpluses.
Led by Dr. Verghese Kurien, the Anand Pattern of coop dairying managed the perils
of EEC food aid, according to
proper pricing policies mandated by the Jha Committee in 1984. Operation Flood
improved incomes of rural farm
families and wiped out urban 'milk famines'. In 2008 the World Bank hailed the
programme's success and now
promotes the Anand Pattern in Africa. A detailed understanding of India's White
Revolution is useful
in the context of the developing world. I.B.Tauris (London, UK) July 2010; Palgrave-Macmillan (USA) August
2010; Viva Books paperback (India) September 2010.
14-30% discounts on www.ibtauris.com/promotionsorwww.palgrave-usa.com
Hardcover: 328 pages with photos, maps & illustations. ISBN-10: 1848851766,
WHITE REVOLUTION: Operation Flood, Food Aid and Development
REVIEWED in The Hindu (4.1m readers) May 17, 2011, by D. Narasimha
former Professor of Economics and Dean, School of Social Sciences, University
Http://www.thehindu.com/thehindu/br/2011/05/17/stories/2011051752901600.htm Excerpt: 'The story of the White Revolution — which
features heroes like Kurien and many villains too,
and set in Anand (Amul) and beyond (the National Dairy Development Board) —
has been told in
a way that is meticulous and scholarly, what with its extensive notes and references.
... The narrative
is sometimes episodic, polemical in some places, combative in others and dramatic
Book published March 14, 2011. Saarbrucken, Germany:
LAP Lombard Academic Publishing. * http://www.amazon.com/FOOD-RISK-Newcastle-Firefighters-Motorcyclists/dp/3844313427/ref=sr_1_fkmr2_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1301408222&sr=1-1-fkmr2
Food & Ag Research on universal themes. PhD (2007) supervised by Prof.
Peter J. Atkins:
'Consumer risk reflections on organic & local food in Seattle, with reference
to Newcastle upon Tyne.'
Thanks to over
404 Academics, Firefighters, Motorcyclists & Others for completing the
UK/US FOOD & RISK SURVEY 2002-4. Your privacy is protected! See
* Dirt: New Geographies of
Cleanliness & Purity (2007)
Ben Campkin & Rosie Cox (eds),
I.B.Tauris/OUP. See my chapter
15 on mad cow disease 'Dirty cows: perceptions of BSE/vCJD'.
* Sociological Perspectives
of Organic Agriculture: from pioneer to policy ( 2006)
Georgina Holt & Matt Reed (eds). CABI/OUP. See my chapter 7 'UK/US Motorcyclists
More presentations & publications below.
to Farmer's Daughters in Snohomish County, US. Photo by Scholten (published
in Dirt 2007)
Newcastle's Westgate Hill is a biking Haight-Ashbury.
Food? 2 trad cafes + 1 selling vegetarian quiche.
Pilot studies asked motorcyclists if they were more attracted
to local ororganic food of the same
price & quality. Newcastle bikers quickly responded 'Local!', while
Seattle bikers chose organic.
There may be a gap between attitudes elicited in a questionnaire and actual
The full study shows 68% of Seattle & 40% of Newcastle bikers eat some organics
majorities of both groups choose local if it is the same price &
quality as organic.
This local loyalty illustrates local patriotism (Tuan 1971) or defensive localism
which is embedded in local economies even during crises such as mad cow disease
It explains why many consumers want as much food as possible to be localandorganic.
Meanwhile, many Newcastle consumers seem to be on a continuum from a mass
industrial diet to a diet more reflective on food safety and eco-sustainability.
Seattle's Pike Place Market, est. 1907 when farmers suffered low prices.
USDA National Organic Standards (est. 2002) are a political battleground.
Columbia City market draws farmers from hundreds of miles around.
BAS Graphs & PiX: Seattle Summer 2002.
Neighbourhood market staff smile in typical rainy Seattle weather.
Presentations & Publications
Upcoming: RGS-IBG London
(31.Aug.-2.Sep.2011) 'Cooperative dairy smallholders in East Africa: Appropriate tech.'
University of Nairobi, Dept. of Agricultural Economics, Upper Kabate Campus,
Kenya (30 May 2011). Invited by Prof. Stephen Mbogho. My talk: 'Dairy Development in India
& implications for Africa.' With Moses Nyabila, Regional Director, East Africa Dairy Development,
on EADD's 'Hub model.'
7th African Dairy Conference & Exhibition (25-27 May 2011) Dar es Salaam,
Tanzania. Key speaker: 'Smallholders or Megadairies? Thoughts on coops, milk gluts
AAG Seattle (12-16 April 2011) Rural Prospects in a Globalizing World 2 sessions organized with Dr. Pratyusha Basu (Uni-So. Florida). Details
of authors & titles to be posted!
RGS-IBG London (1-3.Sep. 2010): Devt in the Rural South: bio-economic crises
lead to ‘new’ ag revolutions. RGRG/DARG 'sparky' session co-convened by Charles Howie (RHUL) &
Bruce Scholten (Durham):
1. 'Land Grabs: Responding
to the Contemporary Food/Climate/Financial Crises'
Lucy Jarosz (University of Washington, Seattle, USA)
2. 'Vietnamese farmers survive developmental revolutions: Lessons for Africa?'
Charles Howie (Royal Holloway, University of London, UK)
3. 'A role for Balochi nomads in Afghanistan's stabilisation?'
Richard Byrne (Harper-Adams University College, Shropshire, UK)
4. 'Out of India: the World Bank's rural dairy policy in Africa'
Bruce Scholten (Durham University, UK)
5. 'Agri-food networks in a new era: exploring dimensions of a new ecological
modernisation of agriculture that could 'feed the world'?
Terry Marsden (BRASS, University of Cardiff, Wales, UK.
Session abstract: Development in the Rural South: bio-economic crises
lead to "new" agricultural revolutions (sponsored by DARG &
RGRG). Organised by Howie & Scholten.
Abstract: A doubling of food prices, driven by rising global
consumption and demand for land for biofuels have spawned major rural development
initiatives in Africa and elsewhere. For example: the Rockefeller Foundation
and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation are supporting the Alliance for
a Green Revolution in Africa; and in 2008 the World Bank announced plans to
create a White Revolution
in Africa, modelled on India's low-input/low-output dairy pattern. Yet, critics
fear these efforts will be compromised by Northern commercial actors seeking
to address their own twin problem of Peak Oil and Peak Food production with
scale-fixated, high-tech strategies in the Rural South. Calls to restructure
small-scale plots into large-scale commercial farms planting genetically-modified
crops in order to defeat hunger run counter to claims that hunger has less
to do with poor harvests than with poor distribution of what
Amartya Sen calls 'entitlements'. Indeed, studies in South East Asia show
that rural well-being is as dependent on social capital as it is on technology,
and these Northern interventions could ignore local conditions, local social
capital and risk compromising biodiversity and ecological services. At this
time, entrepreneurs and developed countries are already 'buying up' or leasing
substantial areas of the Rural South in order to ensure their own future food
This session welcomes presentations engaging with such theoretical issues,
and empirical studies from all continents on the potential role for Northern
academic researchers in this "new" Rural South.
Abstracts up to 250 words are welcomed by the Convenors:
Charles Howie (RAC) email@example.com; Bruce Scholten (Durham) firstname.lastname@example.org,
6th African Dairy Conference & Exhibition, Kigali,
Rwanda, (18-21.May.2010). sponsored by ESADA (Eastern & Southern Africa Dairy Association),
RDB (Rwanda Devt Board),
Ministry of Agriculture Rwanda, Land O'Lakes,
My paper: 'Out of India: Can the Anand Pattern be replicated in Africa?'
AAG Washington, DC (14-18.April.10) Sustainable
Communities, org'd by Alison Blay-Palmer
My paper: 'India's cooperative dairying: pattern for Africa'. Beware Volcanoes! Newcastle University Linguistics Conference
'Spanish language islands in US agriculture?' Map poster co-presented with
Dr. Martha Young-Scholten.
RGS-IBG Manchester (26-28.Aug.09): Rural South: development lessons &
trends RGRG sessions co-convened with Charles Howie (RAC), linked to DARG. My paper: 'Dairy wars in an Indian election year'. Papers by Richard Byrne
(Harper), Moya Kneafsey
et al. planned for International Journal of Ag Sustainability (IJAS)
2011 special issue with papers from
AAG09 Following the Green Revolution. Watch also for Earthscan book, Basu-Scholten
(eds). Anglo-Spanish Rural GeographyConference (29.June-3.July.09) Canterbury
Christ Church University
Changing Rural Landscapes org'd by Guy Robinson. Co-presentation with Dr.
Martha Young-Scholten (Newcastle):
'Spanish language & labour in US agriculture'.
'White Counter-Revolution? India's Dairy Cooperatives in a Neoliberal Era'
by Bruce A. Scholten & Pratyusha Basu (Univ. So. Florida). Human Geography
edited by Swapna Banerjee-Guha (Mumbai), Richard Peet (Clark) & Derek
AAG Las Vegas (22-27.April.09) co-organised sessions + panel: * Sessions with Pratyusha Basu (Uni-So. Florida): After the
Green Revolution: offshoots, ideologies. In a superseries with World Drivers of Ag Change org'd by Geoff Wilson
& Mary cooperation with Hunger sessions org'd by
Jamie Maxwell & William Moseley. Sponsored by the AAG's DARG, RGSG, and
the RGS-IBG's RGRG. I focus on 'Dairy Wars in India: neoliberalism vs. cooperatives'. Dr.
Basu examines India-Africa links.
Jamie Klepek assesses GMO regulation. Sharon Meagher describes Both/And strategies
in Mexican women's coops.
Asmita Bhardwaj assesses farmers' survivability in the wake of new Green Rev
Ilona Moore focuses on supranational governmentality of new agric-tech in
the Global South.
* Panel with Calvin Masilela (Univ. of Illinois in Penn.) Africa's
Health: braindrain, disease & transport. Sponsored by Africa Specialty Group (ASG). My intro mentions Riders for Health's motorcycle transport in rural health
RGS-IBG London (27-29.Aug.08) Rural Geography Research Group org'd by Keith
Halfacree. USDA organic pasture war: National Organic Program finally decides a pasture
Anglo-German Rural Geographers, Universitaet-Oldenburg (26-30.Juni.08)
org'd by Guy Robinson & Ingo Mose. USDA organic pasture war update with implications for the UK & Bundesrepublik.
In press 2009.
Ustinov Institute, Transdisciplinary series on Climate Change (March 2008)
Howlands Farm Centre, Uni-Durham Petrol & pasture in Climate Change.
Carbon Masterclass with Michel Callon & Donald Mackenzie (8.Nov.07)
IAS, Durham, org'd by Gareth Powell. Petrol & pasture in the US carbon picture: food & enviro-sustainability
in the maize maze.
RGS-IBG Ethical Foodscapes II (28-31.Aug.07) chaired by Michael Goodman,
Damian Maye & Lewis Holloway. Production of organic pasture: Lefebvre, consumers, the USDA & farmscapes.
Brit-Can-Am rural geogs meet (15-21.July.07) Spokane, Washington
hosted by EWU Prof. Dick Winchell Borderscapes: USDA organic rules shape Washington farmscapes.
Thanks for support from the AAG rural geography specialty group (RGSG). Published
AAG San Francisco (12-17.April.07): comparing organic urban places (COUP). Session convened by Bruce Scholten & Melissa Schafer (Tech. Univ. Muenchen).
*Non-Caucasians more likely than Caucasians to buy organic food in the US (Hartman
*Organic and so-called natural foods a global trend?
*How can different cities have such similar actors in alternative food networks?
*When is it useful to compare consumption in multiple sites? *What parameters
*Do you research food issues in more than one city? Email me for Call for Papers.
'Organic milk from the green hills of India to the world.'Article for new organics section Dairy India Yearbood 2007, edited by Sharad Gupta. See: email@example.com
RGS-IBG Rural Geography ResearchGroup (PGF 2006) chaired by Helen Moggridge
& Kate Mahoney Polytunnel Perversity & Cow Confinement: How organic rules shape
UK/US farmscapes. (Talk)
'Firefighters in the UK and US: risk perceptions of local and organic food'.
Scottish Geographical Journal (2006, vol 122, no 2), edited by Jim Hansom,
Andy Crumbers, Jo Sharp and David E. Evans.
Sociological Perspectives of Organic Agriculture: from pioneer to
policy. (Holt & Reed 2006 (eds) CABI) Chapter: “Motorcyclists in the USA and the UK: risk perceptions of
local and organic food.”
Edited by Matt J. Reed & Georgina Holt, convenors of IRSA 2004 Norway working
group 10 on
Post-Organic Futures. Commonwealth Agricultural Bureau International (CABI).
Published July 2006.
AAG Chicago (10.Mar.06) food session convened by Peter Nelson & Randall
Wilson Farmers' Market Movements in the UK and US: motorcyclists, Lefebvre &
periurban farmscapes. (Paper) Traidcraft Practitioners & Researchers, Gateshead (21.Sep.05) convened
by Geoff Bockett & Ann LeMare Handouts: (1) Food & Risk Surveys in Newcastle, UK & Seattle,
(2) How Seattle farmers’ markets, coop supermarkets & box schemes
handle Fair Trade products from the South.
RGS-IBG London (31.Aug-2.Sep.05) 'Political & cultural economies of
organic food supply
chains/alternative food networks' convened by A. Murphy, A. Trauger & M.
Shermer Organic Tower? Academics compared to Firefighters & Motorcyclists in
Seattle (US) & Newcastle (UK).
AAG Denver (31.Mar.-02-Apr.05) food session convened by Rosie Cox &
Laura Venn Mad World: 404 UK/US respondents rate risk of BSE/vCJD. (Paper)
AAG Denver (31.Mar.-02-Apr.05) co-presented with Dr. Joan Qazi
(WVC) Fruits of our Labor: sustaining alternative & family farms in Washington
ESRC #4 Transdisciplinary Series on Sustainability (20.Sep.04) Uni-Exeter
Centre for Rural Economy Economic sustainability of a farm near Seattle & Vancouver: Organic-industrial
complex a remedy? (Poster)
RGS-IBG-IGU Glasgow (15–20.Aug.04) UK Rural Geography Research
Group Firefighters & Motorcyclists: Thinking Organic, Eating Local in Seattle
(US) & Newcastle (UK). (Paper)
IRSA 2004 Uni-Trondheim (July 2004) Norway, World Congress of Rural
Sociology, Organic Futures Group Motorcyclists: Thinking Organic, Eating Local in Seattle (US) & Newcastle
(UK). (CABI chapter forthcoming)
Anglo-German Geographers 2nd Meeting (3-6.July.04) University of
Exeter Centre for Rural Economy GRass Ceiling: Gendering & scale of alternative agro-food networks (AAFNs)
in the UK, US & FRG? (Talk)
AAG Philadelphia (9-13.March.04) UK Rural Geography Research Group GRass Ceiling, Pol-Econ, Deregulation & other surprises on Seattle's
Organic Farm Gender Scale. (Paper)
Dept. of Food & Nutrition (07.Jan.04) University of Mahasarakham,
Thailand Dairy Concerns 2004: BSE in the US & UK. (Talk)
RGS-IBG London (3-5.Sep.03) Rural Geography Research Group More chips for CHiPs & Seattleites than Geordies? (Talk. Paper available
Restless Ruralities RGRG (08.July.01) University of Coventry, UK Two roads to conversion: 2 conventional dairies bifurcate into organic &
conv. crops. (Talk)
RGS-IBG (03-05.Jan.02) University of Belfast, N. Ireland, UK Forks in the road: ethnographic update on what were once 2 conventional dairy
Colloquium on Organic Research (23-25.Mar.02) University of Aberystwyth,
Wales, UK Organic-industrial complex or herbal remedy? A case near Seattle & Vancouver.
Dept. of Sociology (05.May.02) University of Salford, UK Quality, risk & trust: Perceptions of UK/US academics & motorcyclists.
Vital Ruralities (20/21.Nov.02) University of Newcastle-on-Tyne, UK Hitting the plate in Seattle's neighbourhood farmers markets. (Talk)
Faculty of Law & International Relations (18.Jul.01) Universidad de
Tucuman Argentina's export prospects under WTO trade liberalisation. (Keynote)
National Dairy Leaders Conference (09-11.Sep.01) Sun Valley, Idaho,
USA Shaping the cattlefield - BSE & FMD in the UK. (Bio-security plenary)
Food Policy (March 1998) Volume 32 Number 2: pages 221-222 Dairy India Yearbood 1997. Edited by P.R. Gupta. (Book review)
Africa & Globalisation (16.March.98) University of Central Lancashire
A brief history of NGO/charity Riders for Health 1986-98. (Proceedings)
Conventional dairy farm near US-Canadian border converted to organic herbs,
fruit & veg. Quality seen, smelt,
felt, negotiated. Political resistance to globalisation? Or just
entrepreneurial families adding-value to survive?
*********************************** Related Interests *******************
RIDERS for HEALTH (RfH or Riders) An NGO/charity working with reputable organisations such as
Danida, DfID, Save the Children, WHO, to extend primary health care,
child immunisation, etc. in African countries incl. Congo, Gambia, Ghana, Mozambique,
Nigeria & Lesotho. Riders headquarters are in Pitsford, Northampton, England
& Harare, Zimbabwe.
*US Skoll Foundation Award 2006. *Schwab
Fdn. TIME mag Health Heroes on PBS-TV 2005-6. *UK Ernst & Young Social Entrepreneurs
2006. HSBC Charity 2001: innovation & money mgt.
*Featured on BBC Lifeline Nov. 2002. *Invited, World Economic Forum, Davos 2005.
*Schwab Social Entrepreneurial Award 2005.
* 2009 Landmark partnership with Stanford University Business School & Bill
& Melinda Gates Foundation. Http://www.riders.org/n_details.aspx?nwId=271
social enterprise and leading US university to show
impact of reliable transportation on reducing preventable disease in Africa.
The British-founded not-for-profit organisation
Riders for Health has today [14th September] announced a landmark partnership
with Stanford University’s Graduate School
of Business in a five-year project funded by The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.
‘For years, Riders for Health has been an effective logistics arm, serving
as the last mile for health care delivery in Africa. We are very privileged
to be partnering with them to make use of supply chain and logistics advances
to scale up their operations. We are pleased that Riders’ grant
from the Gates Foundation means that we can support Riders to save lives, while
at the same time pushing the research frontier on the important
subject of health delivery logistics,’ Said Hau Lee, Thoma Professor of
Operations, Information and Technology at the Graduate School of Business,
and Director of the Stanford Global Supply Chain Management Forum at Stanford
Contact: Andrea Coleman & Rachel Harrington UK Tel:44 (07977)226446
firstname.lastname@example.org & email@example.com
RIDERS for HEALTH, The Drummonds, Spring Hill, Pitsford, Northampton NN6 9AA Telephone: +44 (0)1604 889 570 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org * UK Charity
Support 'Riders for Health II' in USA via Development Director
Lisa Bakker: email@example.com
or Dave Preston: firstname.lastname@example.org
Payroll deductions via United Way? Please specify 'Riders for Health II' mentioning
headquarters: ''RfH, II, Inc.' c/o Brown & Sturm, 260 E. Jefferson Street, 2nd Floor,
Rockville, Maryland, 20850 USA.' * Verify IRS charity 501(c)(3) status via Attorney Dennis Ettlin (DMEttlin@aol.com)
* http://www.guidestar.org for independent
************************************* THANKS TO *******************
Seattle Neighborhood Farmers' Market Alliance; Lynnwood & Renton Fire Departments;
Cycle Barn & WMRRA; University of Washington Geography Dept., and Linguistics
Dept. Thanks for the above photo to Marilyn Roney & daughter of Farmer's
Daughter farm and market sales.
In the UK thanks to APTT & Bob Groves, Marion Free
and Margaret Bell; WEA & Mick Standen; DU-ITS & Gerry; M & S Motorcycles;
Ken's Motorcycles; Newcastle Westgate Hill Association - esp. Margaret &
Erni: www.Arabesque-Gifts.co.uk. Thanks
Edward Richardson & the Salvins of Butterby Box Scheme; Andy Barton of Riverford;
Durham Local Food Celebration's Lucy Smout; David Harding & Slow Food Durham-Tyne-Tees;
and Amy Mycock & All at Durham Local Food Network.
CaKE: Cows and Kawasakis Eternally! Updated 29th March 2011.