Landmarks of History
III
Modern History: from the Reformation to the Fall of Napoleon

1857


Online text of: Landmarks of History III

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Charlotte Yonge's own Preface to Landmarks of History III, Modern History

THE Landmarks of History have now been brought down as nearly to our own times as could be accomplished without entering too much on contemporary history. Napoleon's death appears the fit close for the last act of the great drama of the Revolution; and the scenes which fall within our own memory and observation, have not yet developed their import, so as to enable us to judge of their true meaning and tendency. In closing the task, perhaps too rashly undertaken, we have only to repeat, what has been before said, that this little book aims at no originality of views, nor at revelations of new facts. It is a mere compilation of the more memorable events recorded in standard histories; and all that it attempts is, so to class them together as to elucidate the spirit of each period, and bring into relief the characters of the chief actors, in the hope of letting history fulfil its true purpose, namely, of being a great lesson in principle, rather than a mere record of dates, names, and events.

October 14th, 1857


CHAPTER I.
PERIOD OF THE REFORMATION.

i. The Papacy
ii. The Modifications of the Feudal System
iii. Sovereigns of Europe
iv. The Sclavonian Nations
v. Mexico and Peru
vi. Martin Luther
vii. Imperial Conquest of Italy
viii. The Confession of Augsburg
ix. Wars with the Turks
x. Treaties with France
xi. The Jesuits
xii. The League of Schmalkalde
xiii. Abdication of Charles V

CHAPTER II.
PERIOD OF WARS OF RELIGION.

i. The Peace of Cateau Cambresis
ii. The Council of Trent
iii. Malta and Lepanto
iv. François de Guise
v. Tyranny in the Netherlands
vi. Annexation of Portugal
vii. The Seven United Provinces
viii. Massacre of St. Bartholomew
ix. The League
x. The Spanish Armada.
xi. Pacification

CHAPTER III.
PERIOD OF THE THIRTY YEARS WAR

i. The Counter Reformation
ii. Europe in Sixteen Hundred
iii. The Fraternal Contest
iv. The Cardinal de Richelleu
v. The Winter King
vi. Wallenstein
vii. Gustavus Adolphus
viii. French Intervention
ix. The Revolution of Portugal
x. Decay of Spanish Power
xi. Peace of Westphalia

CHAPTER IV.
REIGN OF LOUIS XIV.

i. La Fronde
ii. The Jansenists
iii. Christina of Sweden
iv. Peace of the Pyrennees
v. Court of Louis XIV
vi. Invasion of Holland
vii.The Treaty of Nimeguen
viii. The Siege of Vienna
ix. Revocation of the Edict of Nantes
x. Decline of the Turks
xi. The War of the Palatinate
xii. Quietism
xiii. War of the Spanish Succession
xiv. Eugene and Marlborough
xv. The Peace of Utrecht
xvi. Peter and Charles
xvii. Charles
xviii. Swedish Invasion of Russia
xix. Charles XII. in Turkey

CHAPTER V.
THE AGE OF PHILOSOPHY.

i. Decay of Europe
ii. Latter Years of Peter the Great
iii. The Quadruple Alliance
iv. Austrian and Spanish Intrigues
v. War of the Austrian Succession
vi. The Rebuke of Kings
vii. The Seven Years War
viii. Suppression of the Jesuits
ix. Partitlon of Poland
x. Philosophy on the Throne

CHAPTER VI
THE ERA OF REVOLUTION.

i. The Earlier Years of Louis XVI
ii. The National Assembly
iii. The Girondists
iv. La Vendée
v. The Reign of Terror
vi. Napoleon in Italy
vii. Napoleon In Egypt
viii. The Consulate
ix. The French Empire
x. The French in Spain
xi. The Turn of the Scale
xii. The French in Russia
xiii. Fall of Napoleon
xiv. The Hundred Days
The Buonaparte Family
Conclusion .
Genealogical Table

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