Some of these papers are available as open access from Durham University or the publisher, indicated by OPEN ACCESS, while the underpinning data is available for others, indicated by DATA.

Review Articles, Book Chapters, and News

7.  Groves C 2017.  Simulating charge transport in organic semiconductors and devices: a review Reports on Progress in Physics 80(2):026502.

6. Groves C 2014.  Modeling OPV Performance – Morphology, Transport and Recombination Organic Solar Cells – Fundamentals, Devices and Upscaling (Pan Stanford Publishing, Eds: Richter H and Rand B)

5. Groves C 2013.  Developing Understanding of Organic Photovoltaic Devices:  Kinetic Monte Carlo Models of Charge Recombination, Transport and Extraction  Energy & Environmental Science 11 (6):3202-3217.

4. Groves C 2013.  Bright Design.  Nature Materials 12:597-598. 

3. Groves C and Greenham NC 2013,  Monte Carlo Simulations of Organic Photovoltaics Topics in Current Chemistry  (Springer, Eds: Beljonne D, Cornil J)

2. Ghirigopal R, Shao, G, Groves C, Ginger DS 2010. New SPM techniques for analysing OPV materialsMaterials Today 13(9): 50-56. (review of DSG work)

1. Groves C., Reid OG & Ginger DS 2010. Heterogeneity in Polymer Solar Cells: Local Morphology and Performance in Organic Photovoltaics Studied with Scanning Probe MicroscopyAccounts of Chemical Research 43(5): 612-620.  (review of DSG work)

Journal Articles and refereed Conference Publications

35. Chaudhry MU, Tezner K, Lin Y-H, Pearson C, Groves C, Petty MC, Anthopolous TD, Bradley DDC 2018, Low-voltage solution-processed hybrid Light-Emitting Transistors, ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 10(22) 18445-18449.

34. Vissol-Gaudin E, Kotsialos A, Groves C, Pearson C, Zeze DA, and Petty MC 2018 Confidence measures for carbon-nanotube / liquid crystal classifiers, IEEE World Congress on Computational Intelligence (WCCI 2018).

33. Vissol-Gaudin E, Kotsialos A, Groves C, Pearson C, Zeze DA, and Petty MC 2017 Computing Based on Material Training: Application to Binary Classification Problems, IEEE International Conference on Rebooting Computing (ICRC).

32. Al-Busaidi Z, Pearson C, Groves C and Petty MC 2017. Enhanced lifetime of organic photovoltaic diodes utilizing a ternary blend including an insulating polymer, Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 160: 101-106.

31. Vissol-Gaudin E, Kotsialos A, Massey MK, Zeze DA, Pearson C, Groves C, Petty MC 2016 Data Classification Using Carbon-Nanotubes and Evolutionary Algorithms Parallel Problem Solving from Nature PPSN XIV Volume 9921 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science 644-654.

30. Massey MK, Kotsialos A, Volpati D, Vissol-Gaudin E, Pearson C, Bowen L, Obara B, Zeze DA, Groves C, Petty MC 2016 Evolution of Electronic Circuits using Carbon Nanotube CompositesScientific Reports 6:32197 OPEN ACCESS

29. Vissol-Gaudin E, Kotsialos A, Massey MK, Zeze DA, Pearson C, Groves C, Petty MC 2016.  Training a Carbon Nanotube Liquid Crystal Classifier Using Evolutionary AlgorithmsUnconventional Computation and Natural Computation 9726:130-141

28. Jones ML, Huang DM, Charkrabarti B, Groves C 2016.  Relating Molecular Morphology to Charge Mobility in Semicrystalline Conjugated PolymersJournal of Chemical Physics C 120(8):4240-4250 OPEN ACCESS  DATA

27. Kaku K, Williams AT, Mendis BG, Groves C 2015. Examining Charge Transport Networks in Organic Bulk Heterojunction Photovoltaic Diodes using 1/f Noise SpectroscopyJournal of Materials Chemistry C 3:6077-6085  OPEN ACCESS  DATA

26. Jones ML, Dyer R, Clarke N, Groves C 2014.  Are hot charge transfer states the primary cause of efficient free-charge generation in polymer:fullerene organic photovoltaic devices?  A Kinetic Monte Carlo study Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 16:20310-20320 (hot article, cover)  OPEN ACCESS

25. Williams AT, Farrar P, Gallant AJ, Atkinson D, Groves C 2014.  Characterisation of Charge Conduction Networks in Poly(3-hexylthiophene)/Polystyrene Blends using Noise Spectroscopy Journal of Materials Chemistry C 2 (9): 1742 -1748.  OPEN ACCESS

24. Jones ML, Chakrabarti B, Groves C 2014.  Monte Carlo Simulation of Geminate Pair Recombination Dynamics in Organic Photovoltaic Devices: Multi-Exponential, Field Dependent Kinetics and its InterpretationJournal of Physical Chemistry C 118 (1): 85-91.    OPEN ACCESS

23. Mendis BG, Bishop SJ, Groves C, Szablewski M, Halliday DP 2013. Plasmon-loss imaging of polymer-methanofullerene bulk heterojunction solar cells.  Applied Physics Letters 102:253301.    OPEN ACCESS

22. Groves C 2013.  Charge Recombination in Organic Photovoltaic Devices with a Cascaded Energy HeterojunctionEnergy & Environmental Science 6(5): 1546-1551. (editor’s choice)   OPEN ACCESS

21. Luria JL, Hoepker N, Bruce R, Jacobs AR, Groves C, Marohn JA 2012. Spectroscopic Imaging of Photopotentials and Potential Fluctuations in a Bulk Heterojunction Solar Cell FilmACS Nano 6(11): 9392-9401.

20. Lyons BP, Clarke N, & Groves C 2012. The relative importance of domain size, domain purity and domain interfaces to the performance of bulk-heterojunction Organic Photovoltaics. Energy & Environmental Science 5(6): 7657-7663.  OPEN ACCESS

19. Lyons, BP, Clarke N & Groves C 2011. The Quantitative Effect of Surface Wetting Layers on the Performance of Organic Bulk Heterojunction Photovoltaic Devices. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 115(45): 22572–22577.

18. Yan H, Swaraj S, Wang C, Hwang I, Greenham NC, Groves C, Ade H & McNeill CR 2010. Influence of annealing and interfacial roughness on the performance of bilayer donor/acceptor polymer photovoltaic devices. Advanced functional materials 20(24): 4329-4337.

17. Groves C, Kimber RGE & Walker AB 2010. Simulation of the loss mechanisms in organic solar cells: A description of the mesoscopic Monte Carlo technique and an evaluation of the first reaction method. Journal of Chemical Physics 133(14): 144110.  OPEN ACCESS

16. Groves C, Blakelsey JC & Greenham NC 2010. The effect of charge trapping on geminate recombination and polymer solar cell performance. Nano Letters 10(3): 1063-1069.

15. Groves C, Koster LJA & Greenham NC 2009. The effect of morphology upon mobility: Implications for bulk heterojunction solar cells with nonuniform blend morphology. Journal Of Applied Physics 105(9): 094510    OPEN ACCESS

14. Groves C & Greenham NC 2008. Bimolecular recombination in polymer electronic devices. Physical Review B 78(15): 155205.

13. Petrozza A, Groves C & Snaith HJ 2008. Electron transport and recombination in dye-sensitized mesoporous TiO2 probed by photoinduced charge-conductivity modulation spectroscopy with Monte Carlo modeling. Journal Of The American Chemical Society 130(39): 12912-12920.

12. Zaumseil J, Groves C, Winfield JM, Greenham NC & Sirringhaus H 2008. Electron-Hole Recombination in Uniaxially Aligned Semiconducting Polymers. Advanced Functional Materials 18(22): 3630-3637.

11. Groves C, Marsh RA & Greenham NC 2008. Monte Carlo modeling of geminate recombination in polymer-polymer photovoltaic devices. Journal Of Chemical Physics 129(11): 114903.

10. Marsh RA, Groves C & Greenham NC 2007. A microscopic model for the behavior of nanostructured organic photovoltaic devices. Journal Of Applied Physics 101(8): 083509.

9. Groves C & David JPR 2007. Effects of ionization velocity and dead space on avalanche photodiode bit error rate. IEEE Transactions On Communications 55(11): 2152-2158.

8. McNeill CR, Westenhoff S, Groves C, Friend RH & Greenham NC 2007. Influence of nanoscale phase separation on the charge generation dynamics and photovoltaic performance of conjugated polymer blends: Balancing charge generation and separation. Journal Of Physical Chemistry C 111(51): 19153-19160.

7. Aivaliotis P, Vukmirovic N, Zibik EA, Cockburn JW, Indjin D, Harrison P, Groves C, David JPR, Hopkinson M & Wilson LR 2007. Stark shift of the spectral response in quantum dots-in-a-well infrared photodetectors. Journal Of Physics D-Applied Physics 40(18): 5537-5540.

6. Groves C, Chia CK, Tozer RC, David JPR & Rees GJ 2005. Avalanche noise characteristics of single AlxGa1-xAs(0.3 < x < 0.6)-GaAs heterojunction APDs. IEEE Journal Of Quantum Electronics 41(1): 70-75.

5. Groves C, Tan CH, David JPR, Rees GJ & Hayat MM 2005. Exponential time response in analogue and Geiger mode avalanche photodiodes. IEEE Transactions On Electron Devices 52(7): 1527-1534.

4. Groves C, David JPR, Rees GJ & Ong DS 2004. Modeling of avalanche multiplication and noise in heterojunction avalanche photodiodes. Journal Of Applied Physics 95(11): 6245-6251.

3. Groves C, Harrison CN, David JPR & Rees GJ 2004. Temperature dependence of breakdown voltage in AlxGa1-xAs. Journal Of Applied Physics 96(9): 5017-5019.

2. Groves C, Ghin R, David JPR & Rees GJ 2003. Temperature dependence of impact ionization in GaAs. IEEE Transactions On Electron Devices 50(10): 2027-2031.

1. Groves, C, David, JPR & Rees, GJ 2003. The effect of ionization threshold softness on the temperature dependence of the impact ionization coefficient. Semiconductor Science And Technology 18(7): 689-692.