The Abu Dulaf mosque

 

The Abu Dulaf mosque, was built as the congregational mosque of al-Mutawakkiliyya, the new royal city begun in 859, and abandoned at the end of 861. The mosque follows almost the same model as the earlier mosque of al-Mutawakkil at Samarra, but the plan of the complex is better preserved. The mosque measures 214 x 135 m, and is set inside a nearly square outer enclosure of 358 x 347 m.  In the outer enclosure, there are 18 courtyard buildings. East and west of the qibla wall there are two larger portico buildings. The rest-house behind the qibla wall is composed of a main courtyard with four iwan halls, and one secondary courtyard. The spiral minaret is smaller and measures 34 m high.  The mosque itself has fired brick rectangular piers, and introduces for the first time in the east the T-plan with a wider axial nave and a double aisle parallel to the qibla wall. The portico on the courtyard has a double arcade of rectangular piers, while the prayer hall has sixteen arcades oriented perpendicular to the qibla wall.

 

 
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