The Abu Dulaf mosque
The Abu Dulaf mosque, was built as the congregational
mosque of al-Mutawakkiliyya, the new royal city begun in 859, and abandoned at
the end of 861. The mosque follows almost the same model as the earlier mosque
of al-Mutawakkil at Samarra, but the plan of the complex is better preserved.
The mosque measures 214 x 135 m, and is set inside a nearly square outer
enclosure of 358 x 347 m. In the
outer enclosure, there are 18 courtyard buildings. East and west of the qibla
wall there are two larger portico buildings. The rest-house behind the qibla
wall is composed of a main courtyard with four iwan halls, and one secondary
courtyard. The spiral minaret is smaller and measures 34 m high.
The mosque itself has fired brick rectangular piers, and introduces for
the first time in the east the T-plan with a wider axial nave and a double aisle
parallel to the qibla wall. The portico on the courtyard has a double arcade of
rectangular piers, while the prayer hall has sixteen arcades oriented
perpendicular to the qibla wall.
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