Gothic Germany 1250-1520

 

Extended Bibliography of Works in English

 

 

Compiled by Len Scales

 

 

 

 

This bibliography was inspired by the opinion, often heard expressed by teachers of medieval history, that there is 'nothing to read in English' on the history of later medieval Germany. It aims to be full and wide-ranging, though it does not hope to be comprehensive. If you are aware of any omitted item(s), which you think should be included, please send details to: l.e.scales@durham.ac.uk.

 

Contents

 

1          Translated Sources

2          General

3          Imperial Politics – to c.1450

4          Empire and Papacy

5          Imperial Politics – from c.1450

6          The Imperial Idea

7          Princes and their Territories

8          Princely and Noble Dynasties; the Lower Nobility

9          The Towns: General, Political, Constitutional and Social History

10        Feud, Criminality, Disorder, Law

11        Economic History: General

12        Economic History: the Countryside

13        Economic History: Towns, Trade, Industries, Finance

14        Settlement of Eastern Europe

15        Teutonic Order, Prussia, Baltic region

16        Social Conflict, Popular Rebellion

17        The German Church: General, Political

18        The German Church: Reform, Relations with Papacy

19        The German Church: Monasticism; Spirituality; Mysticism

20        Popular Religion; Heresy

21        The Jews

22        Learning, Civil Law, Universities

23        Humanism

24        Literature, German language, Printing, Music

25        The 'German Nation'

26        The Visual Arts – to c.1450

27        The Visual Arts – from c. 1450

 

 

1          Translated Sources

 

Autobiography of Charles IV and his Legend of St Wenceslas, ed. and trans. B. Nagy and F. Schaer (2001)

 

Sebastian Brant, The Ship of Fools (Eng. trans. by E.H. Zeydel, 1944)

 

L. Foster ed. and trans., Selections from Conrad Celtis 1459-1508 (1948)

 

Philippe de Commynes, Memoirs, trans. A.R. Scoble, 2 vols (1882-83)

 

C.M.D. Crowder, Unity, Heresy and Reform, 1378-1460 (1977)

 

Nicholas of Cusa, The Catholic Concordance, ed. and trans. P.E. Sigmund (1991)

 

The Writings of Albrecht Dürer, ed. and trans. W.M. Conway (London: Owen, 1958)

 

The Diary of Jörg von Ehingen, ed. and trans. M. Letts (London, 1929)

 

John P. Dolan ed., The Essential Erasmus (New York: New American Library, 1964)

 

Patrick J. Geary ed., Readings in Medieval History, vol. 2 (Peterborough, Ont.: Broadview Press, 1991) For Golden Bull

 

Helmbrecht, in J.W. Thomas ed. and trans., The Best Novellas of Medieval Germany (1984)

 

Hans J. Hillerbrand ed., The Protestant Reformation: Selected Documents (London, 1968)

 

Rosemary Horrox, The Black Death (Manchester: M.U.P., 1994)

 

N. Housley, Documents on the Later Crusades, 1274-1580 (1996)

 

The Livonian Rhymed Chronicle, Eng. trans. by J.C. Smith and W. Urban, 2nd edn (Chicago: Lithuanian Research and Studies Center, 2001)

 

Guillaume de Machault, The Judgement of the King of Bohemia, ed. and trans. R. Barton Palmer (1984)

 

Malleus Maleficarum, Eng. trans. and intro. by the Rev. Montague Summers (London: J. Rodker, 1928)

 

William of Ockham, On the Power of Emperors and Popes, with intro. by A.S. Brett (Bristol, 1998)

 

Marsiglio of Padua, Writings on the Empire: Defensor minor and De translatione Imperii, ed. Cary J. Nederman (Cambridge: C.U.P., 1993)

 

The Travels of Leo of Rozmital: through Germany, Flanders, England, France, Spain, Portugal and Italy, 1465-1467, trans. and ed. by Malcolm Letts (Cambridge: Hakluyt Society, 1957)

 

Tom Scott and Bob Scribner ed., trans., and intro., The German Peasants' War: a History in Documents (New Jersey: Humanities Press, 1991)

 

L. Spitz ed., The Northern Renaissance (Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1972)

 

G. Strauss, Manifestations of Discontent in Germany on the Eve of the Reformation (1971)

 

Tacitus, The Agricola and the Germania, ed. and trans. H. Mattingly (1948)

 

Lynn Thorndike, University Records and Life in the Middle Ages (New York, 1944)  For remonstrances directed at Conrad Celtis by his students

 

 

2          General

 

B. Arnold, Medieval Germany, 500-1300: A Political Interpretation (1997)

 

G. Barraclough, The Origins of Modern Germany (1946)

 

J. Bérenger, A History of the Habsburg Empire 1273-1700 (1990; Eng. trans. by C.A. Simpson, 1994)

 

Peter Blickle, From the Communal Reformation to the Revolution of the Common Man, trans. Beat Kümin (Leiden, Boston, Cologne, 1998)

 

E. Bonjour, H.S. Offler and G.R. Potter, A Short History of Switzerland (1952)

 

F.R.H. Du Boulay, Germany in the Later Middle Ages (1983)

 

A. Haverkamp, Medieval Germany 1056-1273 (Eng. trans., 1988)

 

Hermann Heimpel, 'Characteristics of the late Middle Ages in Germany', in G. Strauss ed., Pre-Reformation Germany (1972)

 

Hajo Holborn, A History of Modern Germany, 1 (New York, 1959)

 

S. Jenks, 'A capital without a state: Lübeck caput totius hanze (to 1474)', Historical Research, 65 (1992), 134-49

 

J. Leuschner, Germany in the Late Middle Ages (Eng. trans. by S. MacCormack, 1980)

 

Medieval Germany. An Encyclopedia, ed. John M. Jeep (2001)

 

H.S. Offler, 'Aspects of government in the late medieval Empire', in J.Hale, J.R.L. Highfield, B. Smalley ed., Europe in the Late Middle Ages (1965), reprinted in H.S. Offler, Church and Crown in the Fourteenth Century: Studies in European History and Political Thought, ed. A.I. Doyle (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2000)

 

T. Scott, 'Germany and the Empire', in C. Allmand ed., The New Cambridge Medieval History, 7   (c.1415-c.1500) (1998)

 

T. Scott, Society and Economy in Germany, 1300-1600 (2002)

 

G. Strauss ed., Pre-Reformation Germany (1972)

 

M. Toch,  'Peasants of the mountains, peasants of the valleys and medieval state building: the case of the Alps', in Montagnes, fleuves, forêts dans l'histoire: Barrières ou lignes de convergence?, ed. J.F. Bergier (St. Katharinen, 1989), pp.65-70

 

 

3          Imperial Politics – to c.1450

 

G. Barraclough, 'Edward I and Adolf of Nassau: a chapter in medieval diplomatic history', Cambridge Historical Journal, 6 (1940)

 

C.C. Bayley, The Formation of the German College of Electors (1949)

 

P.J. Blok and W.T. Waugh, 'Germany, 1273-1313', in The Cambridge Medieval History, vol. 7, Decline of Empire and Papacy, ed. J.R. Tanner, C.W. Previté-Orton and Z.N. Brooke (Cambridge: C.U.P., 1932)

 

Noel Denholm-Young, Richard of Cornwall (Oxford: Blackwell, 1947)

 

J. Gillingham, 'Elective kingship and the unity of medieval Germany', German History, 9 (1991)

 

B. Guenée, States and Rulers in Later Medieval Europe (Eng. trans., 1985)

 

P.-J. Heinig, 'How large was the court of Emperor Frederick III?', in Princes, Patronage and the Nobility: The Court at the Beginning of the Modern Age c. 1450-1650, ed. R.G. Asch and A.M. Birke (1991)

 

P. Herde, 'From Adolf of Nassau to Lewis of Bavaria, 1292-1347', in The New Cambridge Medieval History, 6 (c.1300-c.1415), ed. M. Jones (2000)

 

I. Hlavacek, 'The Luxemburgs and Rupert of the Palatinate, 1347-1410', in The New Cambridge Medieval History, 6 (c.1300-c.1415), ed. M. Jones (2000)

 

Joseph P. Huffman, The Social Politics of Medieval Diplomacy: Anglo-German Relations (1066-1307) (Ann Arbor: Michigan U.P., 2000)

 

Bede Jarrett, The Emperor Charles IV (London, 1935)

 

K.-U. Jäschke,  'From famous empresses to unspectacular queens: the Romano-German empire to Margaret of Brabant, countess of Luxemburg and queen of the Romans (d. 1311)', in A.J. Duggan ed., Queens and Queenship in Medieval Europe (1997)

 

F. Kavka, ‘Politics and culture under Charles IV’, in M. Teich ed., Bohemia in History (1998)

 

G. Klaniczay, 'The cult of dynastic saints in Central Europe: fourteenth-century Angevins and Luxemburgs', in G. Klaniczay, The Uses of Supernatural Power (1990)

 

G. Klaniczay, Holy Rulers and Blessed Princesses: Dynastic Cults in Medieval Central Europe (2002)

 

K. Leyser, 'A recent view of the German college of electors', Medium Aevum, 23 (1954), 76-87, reprinted in K. Leyser, Communications and Power in Medieval Europe, vol. 2 (1994)

 

F.R. Lewis, 'Ottokar II of Bohemia and the double election of 1257', Speculum, 12 (1937), 512-15

 

H.S. Lucas, 'The Low Countries and the disputed imperial election of 1314', Speculum, 21 (1946), 75-94

 

P. Moraw, 'Cities and citizenry as factors of the state formation in the Roman-German Empire of the late Middle Ages', Theory and Society, 18 (1989)

 

O. Odlozilik, 'The Terenzo dream of Charles IV. A critical examination of the available sources', in Orbis Mediaevalis. Festgabe für Anton Blaschka (1970)

 

Michael Prestwich, 'Edward I and Adolf of Nassau', Thirteenth Century England III: Proceedings of the Newcastle upon Tyne Conference 1989, ed. P.R. Coss and S.D. Lloyd (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1991), 127-36

 

S.H. Thomson, 'Learning at the court of Charles IV', Speculum, 25 (1950)

 

M. Toch, 'Welfs, Hohenstaufen and Habsburgs', in The New Cambridge Medieval History, 5 (c.1198-c.1300), ed. D. Abulafia (1999)

 

A. Tuck, 'Richard II and the house of Luxemburg', in Richard II: the Art of Kingship, ed. A. Goodman and J. Gillespie (Oxford, 1999), 205-29

 

W.T. Waugh, 'Germany: Lewis the Bavarian', in The Cambridge Medieval History, vol. 7, Decline of Empire and Papacy, ed. J.R. Tanner, C.W. Previté-Orton and Z.N. Brooke (Cambridge: C.U.P., 1932)

 

W.T. Waugh, 'Germany: Charles IV', in The Cambridge Medieval History, vol. 7, Decline of Empire and Papacy, ed. J.R. Tanner, C.W. Previté-Orton and Z.N. Brooke (Cambridge: C.U.P., 1932)

 

B. Weiler, ‘Image and reality in Richard of Cornwall’s German career’, English Historical Review, 113 (1998)

 

 

4          Empire and Papacy

 

D. Abulafia, Frederick II. A Medieval Emperor (1988)

 

W.M. Bowsky, 'Clement V and the emperor-elect', Medievalia et Humanistica, 12 (1958)

 

W.M. Bowsky, Henry VII in Italy: the Conflict of Empire and City-State, 1310-1313 (1960)

 

C.K. Brampton, 'Ockham, Bonagratia and the Emperor Lewis IV', Medium Aevum, 31 (1962), 81-7

 

D.E.H. De Boer, ‘Ludwig the Bavarian and the scholars’, in J.W. Drijvers and A.A. MacDonald ed., Centres of Learning: Learning and Location in Pre-modern Europe and the Near East (1995)

 

F. Eyck, Religion and Politics in German History. From the Beginnings to the French Revolution (1998), ch. 6

 

R. Folz, The Concept of Empire in Western Europe from the Fifth to the Fourteenth Century (Eng. trans., 1969)

 

H. Jedin, H.G. Beck, History of the Church, vol. 4 (1980)

 

J. Larner, Italy in the Age of Dante and Petrarch 1216-1380 (1980) ch. 3

 

S. Menache, Clement V (1998)

 

R.J. Mitchell, The Laurels and the Tiara: Pope Pius II 1458-1464 (London: Harvill, 1962)

 

G. Mollat, The Popes at Avignon (1963)

 

F. Oakley, The Western Church in the Later Middle Ages (1979)

 

H.S. Offler, 'England and Germany at the beginning of the Hundred Years War', English Historical Review, 54 (1939), 608-31, reprinted in H.S. Offler, Church and Crown in the Fourteenth Century: Studies in European History and Political Thought, ed. A.I. Doyle (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2000)

 

H.S. Offler, 'Empire and papacy: the last struggle', Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 5th ser., 6 (1956) , reprinted in H.S. Offler, Church and Crown in the Fourteenth Century: Studies in European History and Political Thought, ed. A.I. Doyle (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2000)

 

P. Partner, The Lands of St Peter (1972)

 

J.A.F. Thomson, Popes and Princes, 1417-1519 (1980)

 

D. Wood, Clement VI (1989)

 

 

5          Imperial Politics – from c.1450

 

K.S. Bader, 'Approaches to imperial reform at the end of the fifteenth century', in G. Strauss ed., Pre-Reformation Germany (1972)

 

H Baron, 'Imperial reform and the Habsburgs, 1486-1504', American Historical Review, 44 (1939)

 

G. Benecke, Maximilian I, 1459-1519 (1982)

 

Wim Blockmans, Emperor Charles V, 1500-1558 (London, 2002), ch. 1

 

T.A. Brady, Turning Swiss. Cities and Empire 1450-1550 (1985)

 

Thomas A Brady Jr., 'Some peculiarities of German histories in the early modern era', in Germania Illustrata: Essays on Early Modern Germany Presented to Gerald Strauss, ed. Andrew C. Fix and Susan C. Karant-Nunn (Kirksville, Missouri, 1992), 197-216

 

H.J. Cohn, 'Did bribes induce the German electors to choose Charles V as emperor in 1519?', German History, 19 (2001)

 

F. Hartung, 'Imperial reform, 1485-1495: its course and character', in G. Strauss ed., Pre-Reformation Germany (1972)

 

M. Hughes, Early Modern Germany, 1477-1806 (1992)

 

R.G.D. Laffan, 'The Empire in the Fifteenth Century', in The Cambridge Medieval History, vol. 8, The Close of the Middle Ages, ed. C.W. Previté-Orton and Z.N. Brooke (Cambridge: C.U.P., 1936)

 

P. Moraw, 'The court of the German kings and of the emperor at the end of the Middle Ages, 1440-1519', in R.G. Asch and A.M. Birke ed., Princes, Patronage and the Nobility: the Court at the Beginning of the Modern Age (1991)

 

S.W. Rowan, 'A Reichstag of the reform era: Freiburg im Breisgau, 1497-98', in J.A. Vann, S.W.    Rowan ed., The Old Reich. Essays on German Political Institutions 1495-1806 (1974)

 

S.W. Rowan, 'The Common Penny 1495-9', Central European History, 10 (1977), 148-64

 

S.W. Rowan, 'Imperial taxes and German politics in the fifteenth century: an outline', Central European History, 13 (1980)

 

Richard Vaughan, Philip the Good: the Apogee of Burgundy (1970)

 

Richard Vaughan, Charles the Bold: the Last Valois Duke of Burgundy (1973)

 

M. Watanabe, 'Imperial reform in the mid-fifteenth century: Gregor Heimburg and Martin Mair',        Journal of Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 9 (1979)

 

 

6          The Imperial Idea

 

C.C. Bayley, 'Petrarch, Charles IV and the "renovatio imperii"', Speculum, 17 (1942)

 

T.G. Bergin, Petrarch (1970)

 

A. Black, Political Thought in Europe 1250-1450 (1992)

 

James Bryce, The Holy Roman Empire (new edn, London, 1904)

 

G. Buccellati and H. Snapp ed., The Iron Crown and Imperial Europe, 3 vols (Milan: Società di Studi Monzesi, 1995)

 

J.H. Burns ed., The Cambridge History of Medieval Political Thought c.350-c.1450 (1988), section V

 

J.H. Burns, 'Monarchy: papacy and empire', in J.H. Burns, Lordship, Kingship, and Empire. The Idea of Monarchy 1400-1525 (1992)

 

N. Cohn, The Pursuit of the Millennium (1957) For 'false Fredericks'

 

C.M.D. Crowder, 'Henry V, Emperor Sigismund and the Council of Constance', Historical Studies ed. G.A. Hayes-McCoy, 4 (1963)

 

Charles T. Davis, Dante and the Idea of Rome (Oxford, 1957)

 

R. Folz, The Concept of Empire in Western Europe from the Fifth to the Fourteenth Century (Eng. trans., 1969)

 

B. Guenée, States and Rulers in Later Medieval Europe (Eng. trans., 1985)

 

F. Hertz, The Development of the German Public Mind: A Social History of German Political Sentiment, Aspirations and Ideas, vol. 1 (The Middle Ages. The Reformation) (1957)

 

Frederick G. Heymann, George of Bohemia: King of Heretics (Princeton, 1965)

 

D.J.A. Matthew, 'Reflections on the medieval Roman Empire', History, 77 (1992), 363-90

 

B. McGinn, Visions of the End. Apocalyptic Traditions in the Middle Ages (1979), esp. ch. 30

 

James Muldoon, Empire and Order: the Concept of Empire 800-1800 (St Martin's Press, 1999)

 

S. Ozment, The Age of Reform 1250-1550 (1980)

 

Kenneth Pennington, 'Henry VII and Robert of Naples', in Das Publikum politischer Theorie im 14. Jahrhundert, ed. Jürgen Miethke (Munich, 1992), 81-92

 

K. Pennington, The Prince and the Law 1200-1600 (1993), esp. ch. 5

 

Gaines Post, Studies in Medieval Legal Thought: Public Law and the State, 1100-1322 (Princeton: Princeton U.P., 1964)

 

Leonard E. Scales, 'France and the Empire: the viewpoint of Alexander of Roes', French History 9 (1995), 394-416

 

P.E. Sigmund, Nicholas of Cusa and Medieval Political Thought (1963)

 

J.W. Stieber, Pope Eugenius IV, the Council of Basel and the Secular and Ecclesiastical Authorities of the Empire (1978)

 

W. Ullmann, 'Reflections on the medieval empire', Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 5th ser., 14 (1964), 89-108

 

W. Ullmann, A History of Political Thought: the Middle Ages (revised edn, 1970)

 

Vaclav Vanecek, The Universal Peace Organization of King George of Bohemia: a Fifteenth-Century Plan for World Peace 1462/1464 (Prague, 1964)

 

E. Voegelin, History of Political Ideas, vol. 3 (The Later Middle Ages), ed. and with intro. By D. Walsh (1998)

 

Michael Wilks, The Problem of Sovereignty in the Later Middle Ages: the Papal Monarchy with Augustinus Triumphus and the Publicists (Cambridge: C.U.P., 1963)

 

D. Willoweit, 'The Holy Roman Empire as a legal system', in Legislation and Justice, ed. A. Padoa-Schioppa (1997)

 

 

7          Princes and their Territories

 

B. Arnold, Princes and Territories in Medieval Germany (1991)

 

B. Arnold, Count and Bishop. A Study of Regional Power, 1100-1350 (1991)

 

B. Arnold, 'Structures of medieval government and the thought-world of Otto Brunner (1898-            1982)', Reading Medieval Studies, 20 (1994), 3-12

 

P. Blickle, Obedient Germans? A Rebuttal. A New View of German History (Eng. trans., 1997)

 

T.A. Brady, 'Whose land? Whose lordship? The new translation of Otto Brunner', Central European History, 29 (1996)

 

H.-S. Brather, 'Administrative reforms in electoral Saxony at the end of the fifteenth century', in G. Strauss ed., Pre-Reformation Germany (1972)

 

O. Brunner, Land and Lordship. Structures of Government in Medieval Austria (Eng. trans., 1992)

 

F.L. Carsten, 'Medieval democracy in the Brandenburg towns and its defeat in the fifteenth century', Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 4th ser., 25 (1943), 73-91

 

F.L. Carsten, Princes and Parliaments in Germany from the Fifteenth to the Eighteenth Century (1959)

 

H.J. Cohn, The Government of the Rhine Palatinate in the Fifteenth Century (1965)

 

P. Dykema, ‘The reforms of Count Eberhard of Württemberg: “confessionalization” in the fifteenth century’, in B.A. Kümin ed., Reformations Old and New (1996)

 

T. Scott, Regional Identity and Economic Change: The Upper Rhine, 1450-1600 (1997)

 

Michael Toch, 'Peasants of the mountains, peasants of the valleys and medieval state building: the case of the Alps', in Michael Toch, Peasants and Jews in Medieval Germany: Studies in Cultural, Social and Economic History (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2003)

 

H. Zmora, 'Princely state-making and the "crisis of the aristocracy" in late medieval Germany', Past & Present, 153 (1996)

 

H. Zmora, State and Nobility in Early Modern Germany. The Knightly Feud in Franconia 1440-1567 (1997)

 

 

8          Princely and Noble Dynasties; the Lower Nobility

 

Benjamin Arnold, German Knighthood 1050-1300 (Oxford: Clarendon, 1985)

 

Henry J. Cohn, 'Götz von Berlichingen and the art of military autobiography', in War, Literature and the Arts in Sixteenth-Century Europe, ed. J.R. Mulryne and Margaret Shewring (Basingstoke, London, 1989), 22-40

 

F.R.H. Du Boulay, 'Was there a German "gentry"?', in M. Jones ed., Gentry and Lesser Nobility in Late Medieval Europe (1986)

 

Erica Bastress-Dukehart, 'Family, property, and feeling in early modern German noble culture: the Zimmerns of Swabia', Sixteenth Century Journal, 32 (2001), 1-19

 

J.B. Freed, 'Reflections on the medieval German nobility', American Historical Review, 91 (1986)

 

J.B. Freed, 'Nobles, ministerials and knights in the archdiocese of Salzburg', Speculum, 62 (1987)

 

J.B. Freed, 'Devotion to St James and family identity: the Thuns of Salzburg', Journal of Medieval History, 13 (1987)

 

John B. Freed, Noble Bondsmen: Ministerial Marriages in the Archdiocese of Salzburg, 1100-1343 (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell U.P., 1995)

 

W.R. Hitchcock, The Background to the Knights' Revolt, 1522-1523 (Berkeley, Cal., 1958)

 

Hajor Holborn, Ulrich von Hutten and the German Reformation, trans. Roland H. Bainton (New Haven, CT, 1937)

 

H.H. Kehrer, The von Sickingen and the German Princes, 1262-1523 (Ann Arbor, MI, 1981)

 

M.J. LeGates, 'The knights and the problem of political organizing in sixteenth-century Germany', Central European History, 7 (1974), 99-136

 

Frank R. Lewis, 'Beatrice of Falkenburg, the third wife of Richard of Cornwall', English Historical Review, 52 (1937), 279-81

 

Joseph Morsel, 'Inventing a social category: the sociogenesis of the nobility at the end of the Middle Ages', in Ordering Medieval Society: Perspectives on Intellectual and Practical Modes of Shaping Social Relations, ed. Bernhard Jussen (Pennsylvania, 2001), 200-240

 

Cordula Nolte, 'Gendering princely dynasties: some notes on family structure, social networks, and communication at the courts of the margraves of Brandenburg-Ansbach around 1500', Gender and History, 12 (2000), 704-21

 

Hillay Zmora, Monarchy, Aristocracy and the State in Europe, 1300-1800 (London, New York, 2001)

 

 

9          The Towns: General, Political, Constitutional and Social History

 

T.A. Brady, 'Patricians, nobles, merchants: internal tensions and solidarities in South German urban ruling classes at the close of the Middle Ages', in Social Groups and Religious Ideas in the Sixteenth Century. Ed. M.U. Chrisman and O. Gründler (1978)

 

Thomas A. Brady, Ruling Class, Regime and Reformation in Strasbourg 1520-1555 (Leiden: Brill, 1978)

 

F.L. Carsten, 'Medieval democracy in the Brandenburg towns and its defeat in the fifteenth century', Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 4th ser., 25 (1943), 73-91

 

F.R.H. Du Boulay, 'The German town chroniclers', in R.H.C. Davis and J.M. Wallace-Hadrill ed., The Writing of History in the Middle Ages: Essays Presented to R.W. Southern (1981)

 

D. Eltis, 'Towns and defence in later medieval Germany', Nottingham Medieval Studies, 33 (1989)

 

Christopher R. Friedrichs, 'The Swiss and German city-states', in The City-State in Five Cultures, ed. Robert Griffeth and Carol G. Thomas (Santa Barbara, CA, London, 1981), 109-42

 

M. Groten, 'Civic record keeping in Cologne, 1250-1330', in R.H. Britnell ed., Pragmatic Literacy East and West, 1200-1330 (1997)

 

Hans R. Guggisberg, Basel in the Sixteenth Century: Aspects of the City Republic before, during and after the Reformation (St Louis, MO, 1982)

 

Peter Johanek, 'Imperial and free towns of the Holy Roman Empire – city states in pre-modern Germany?', in A Comparative Study of Thirty City-State Cultures, ed. Mogens Herman Hansen (Copenhagen, 2000), 295-319

 

D. Nicholas, The Later Medieval City 1300-1500 (1997)

 

M. North, 'The records of Lübeck and Hamburg, c. 1250-1330', in R.H. Britnell ed., Pragmatic Literacy East and West, 1200-1330 (1997)

 

Susan C. Karant-Nunn, Zwickau in Transition, 1500-1547: the Reformation as an agent of change (Columbus, OH, 1987)

 

F. Rörig, The Medieval Town (Eng. trans. from 1964 edn)

 

H.-C. Rublack, 'Political and social norms in urban communities in the Holy Roman Empire', in K. von Greyertz ed., Religion, Politics, and Social Protest (London, 1984), 24-60

 

J.C. Smith ed., Nuremberg: a Renaissance City, 1500-1618 (Huntington Art Gallery, Austin, Texas, 1983)

 

H. Stoob, ‘The role of the civic community in central European urban development during the twelfth to the fifteenth centuries’, Transactions of the Ancient Monuments Society, 23 (1978-9)

 

G. Strauss, Nuremberg in the Sixteenth Century (1966)

 

 

10        Feud, Criminality, Disorder, Law

 

G. Algazi, 'The social use of private war: some late medieval views reviewed', Tel Aviver Jahrbuch für deutsche Geschichte, 22 (1993)

 

F.R.H. Du Boulay, 'Law enforcement in medieval Germany', History, 63 (1978)

 

V. Groebner, 'Losing face and saving face: noses and honour in the late medieval town', History Workshop Journal, 40 (1995), 1-15 (Nuremberg)

 

Valentin Groebner, Liquid Assets, Dangerous Gifts: Presents and Politics at the End of the Middle Ages, Eng. trans. by P.E. Selwyn (Philadelphia: Pennsylvania U.P., 2002)

 

J.R. Hale, War and Society in Renaissance Europe 1450-1620 (1985)

 

Matthias Lentz, 'Defamatory pictures and letters in late medieval Germany: the visualisation of disorder and infamy', Medieval History Journal, 3 (2000), 139-60

 

M.B. Merback, The Thief, the Cross and the Wheel. Pain and the Spectacle of Punishment in Medieval and Renaissance Europe (1999)

 

Fritz Redlich, The German Military Enterpriser and his Work Force: a Study in European Economic and Social History, 2 vols (Wiesbaden: Steiner, 1964-65)

 

M. Toch, 'Asking the way and telling the law: speech in medieval Germany', Journal of Interdisciplinary History, 16 (1986)

 

M. Toch, 'The medieval German city under siege', in The Medieval City under Siege, ed. I.A. Corfis and M. Wolfe (1995)

 

 

11        Economic History: General

 

Thomas A. Brady, Jr, 'Economic and social institutions', in Germany: a New Social and Economic History, 1 (1450-1630), ed. Bob Scribner (London: Arnold, 1996), 259-90

 

Ulf Dirlmeier and Gerhard Fouquet, 'Diet and consumption', in Germany: a New Social and Economic History, 1 (1450-1630), ed. Bob Scribner (London: Arnold, 1996), 85-111

 

Christopher R. Friedrichs, 'German social structure, 1300-1600', in Germany: a New Social and Economic History, 1 (1450-1630), ed. Bob Scribner (London: Arnold, 1996), 233-58

 

Robert Jütte, 'Daily life in late medieval and early modern Germany', in Germany: a New Social and Economic History, 1 (1450-1630), ed. Bob Scribner (London: Arnold, 1996), 327-53

 

Friedrich Lütge, 'The fourteenth and fifteenth centuries in social and economic history', in Pre-Reformation Germany, ed. Gerald Strauss (New York: Harper & Row, 1972), 316-79

 

H.A. Miskimin, The Economy of Early Renaissance Europe 1300-1465

 

Christian Pfister, 'The population of late medieval and early modern Germany', in Germany: a New Social and Economic History, 1 (1450-1630), ed. Bob Scribner (London: Arnold, 1996), 33-62

 

N.J.G. Pounds, An Economic History of Medieval Europe (2nd edn, 1994)

 

Josiah Cox Russell, Medieval Regions and their Cities (Newton Abbot: David & Charles, 1972)

 

Tom Scott, 'Economic landscapes', in Germany: a New Social and Economic History, 1 (1450-1630), ed. Bob Scribner (London: Arnold, 1996), 1-31

 

Bob Scribner, 'Communities and the nature of power', in Germany: a New Social and Economic History, 1 (1450-1630), ed. Bob Scribner (London: Arnold, 1996), 291-325

 

Merry E. Wiesner, Working Women in Renaissance Germany (New Brunswick, NJ, 1986)

 

Merry E. Wiesner, 'Gender and the worlds of work', in Germany: a New Social and Economic History, 1 (1450-1630), ed. Bob Scribner (London: Arnold, 1996), 209-32

 

Heide Wunder, He is the Sun, She is the Moon: Women in Early Modern Germany (Cambridge, MA, 1998)

 

 

12        Economic History: the Countryside

 

Ian Blanchard, 'The continental European cattle trades 1400-1600', Economic History Review, 2nd ser., 39 (1986), 427-60

 

J. Blum, 'The rise of serfdom in eastern Europe', American Historical Review, 62 (1957), 807-36

 

R. Brenner, 'Agrarian class structure and economic development in pre-industrial Europe', Past and Present, 70 (1976), 30-75

 

F.L. Carsten, 'The origins of the Junkers', English Historical Review, 62 (1947)

 

P. Freedman, Images of the Medieval Peasant (1999)

 

W.W. Hagen, 'How mighty the Junkers? Peasant rents and seigneurial profits in sixteenth-century Brandenburg', Past and Present, 108 (1985), 80-116

 

William W. Hagen, 'Village life in East-Elbian Germany and Poland, 1400-1800', in The Peasantries of Europe from the Fourteenth to the Eighteenth Centuries, ed. Tom Scott (London: Longman, 1998), 145-89

 

William W. Hagen, Ordinary Prussians: Brandenburg Junkers and Villagers, 1500-1800 (Cambridge: C.U.P., 2002)

 

R.C. Hoffmann, 'Warfare, weather and a rural economy: the duchy of Wroclaw in the mid fifteenth century', Viator, 4 (1973), 273-305

 

R.C. Hoffmann, Land, Liberties, and Lordship in a Late Medieval Countryside. Agrarian Structures         and Change in the Duchy of Wroclaw (1989)

 

H. Jäger, 'Late medieval agrarian crises and deserted settlements in Central Europe', in Danish Medieval History: New Currents, ed. N. Skyum-Nielsen and N. Lund (Copenhagen, 1981)

 

L. Kuchenbuch, 'Links within the village: evidence from fourteenth-century Eastphalia', in Agriculture in the Middle Ages: Technology, Practice and Representation, ed. D. Sweeney (Middle Ages Series, Philadelphia, 1995), 138-62

 

L. Makkai, 'Neo-serfdom: its origin and nature in East Central Europe', Slavic Review, 34 (1975)

 

A.     Mayhew, Rural Settlement and Farming in Germany (1973)

 

Hermann Rebel, 'Peasantries under the Austrian Empire, 1300-1800', in The Peasantries of Europe from the Fourteenth to the Eighteenth Centuries, ed. Tom Scott (London: Longman, 1998), 191-225

 

Thomas Robisheaux, 'The world of the village', in Handbook of European History 1400-1600: Late Middle Ages, Renaissance and Reformation, vol. 1, Structures and Assertions, ed. Thomas A. Brady Jr, Heiko A. Oberman and James D. Tracy (Leiden, New York, Cologne, 1994), 79-112

 

Thomas Robisheaux, 'The peasantries of western Germany, 1300-1700', in The Peasantries of Europe from the Fourteenth to the Eighteenth Centuries, ed. Tom Scott (London: Longman, 1998), 111-42

 

Werner Rösener, Peasants in the Middle Ages (Eng. trans., 1992) Concentrates on Germany

 

Werner Rösener, 'The agrarian economy, 1300-1600', in Germany: a New Social and Economic History, 1 (1450-1630), ed. Bob Scribner (London: Arnold, 1996), 63-83

 

T. Scott, Regional Identity and Economic Change: The Upper Rhine, 1450-1600 (1997)

 

Tom Scott, 'Medieval viticulture in the German-speaking lands', German History, 20 (2002), 95-115

 

William H. TeBrake, Medieval Frontier: Culture and Ecology in Rijnland (College Station: Texas A. and M. U.P., 1985)

 

M. Toch, 'Lords and peasants: a reappraisal of medieval economic relationships', Journal of European Economic History, 15 (1986), repr. in Michael Toch, Peasants and Jews in Medieval Germany: Studies in Cultural, Social and Economic History (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2003)

 

M. Toch, 'Ethics, emotion and self-interest: rural Bavaria in the later Middle Ages', Journal of Medieval History, 17 (1991), repr. in Michael Toch, Peasants and Jews in Medieval Germany: Studies in Cultural, Social and Economic History (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2003)

 

Michael Toch, 'Agricultural progress and agricultural technology in medieval Germany: an alternative model', in Michael Toch, Peasants and Jews in Medieval Germany: Studies in Cultural, Social and Economic History (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2003)

 

Michael Toch, 'Hauling away in late medieval Bavaria: the economics of inland transport in an agrarian market', in Michael Toch, Peasants and Jews in Medieval Germany: Studies in Cultural, Social and Economic History (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2003)

 

Michael Toch, 'Local credit in an agrarian economy: the case of Bavaria (14th and 15th centuries)', in Michael Toch, Peasants and Jews in Medieval Germany: Studies in Cultural, Social and Economic History (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2003)

 

H. Wunder, ‘Peasant organization and class conflict in east and west Germany’, Past and Present, 78 (1978)

 

H. Wunder, 'Serfdom in later medieval and early modern Germany', in Social Relations and Ideas: Essays in Honour of R.H. Hilton, ed. T.H. Aston, P.R. Coss, Christopher Dyer and Joan Thirsk (Cambridge, 1983), 249-72

 

H. Wunder, 'Peasant communities in medieval and early modern Germany', in Les Communautés Rurales. Receuils de la Societe Jean Bodin XLIV (Paris, 1987)

 

Heide Wunder, 'Agriculture', in The New Cambridge Modern History, 2, The Reformation, ed. G.R. Elton, 2nd edn (Cambridge, 1990), 23-47

 

 

13        Economic History: Towns, Trade, Industries, Finance

 

J.-F. Bergier, 'From the fifteenth century in Italy to the sixteenth century in Germany: a new banking concept?, in The Dawn of Modern Banking (Centre for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, UCLA, 1979)

 

Philippe Braunstein, 'Innovations in mining and metal production in Europe in the late Middle Ages', Journal of European Economic History, 12 (1983), 573-91

 

Jean-Pierre Cuvillier, 'Economic change, taxation and social mobility in German towns in the late Middle Ages', Journal of European Economic History, 15 (1986), 535-48

 

P. Dollinger, The German Hansa (1970)

 

H. Eiden and F. Irsigler, 'Environs and hinterland: Cologne and Nuremberg in the later Middle Ages', in J.A. Galloway ed., Trade, Urban Hinterlands and Market Integration c. 1300-1600 (2000)

 

Richard Ehrenberg, Capitalism and Finance in the Age of the Renaissance: a Study of the Fuggers and their Connections (Eng. trans. by H.S. Lucas, London: Jonathan Cape, 1928)

 

C.R. Friedrichs, 'Capitalism, mobility and class formation in the early modern German city', in P. Abrams ed., Towns in Societies (Cambridge, 1978), 187-213

 

M.M. Fryde, 'Studies in the history of public credit of German principalities and towns in the Middle Ages', Studies in Medieval and Renaissance History, 1 (1964), 221-92

 

J.D. Fudge, Cargoes, Embargoes and Emissaries. The Commercial and Political Interaction of England and the German Hanse, 1450-1510 (1995)

 

J.A. Gade, The Hanseatic Control of Norwegian Commerce during the Late Middle Ages (Leiden, 1951)

 

C.L. Holtfrerich, Frankfurt as a Financial Centre: From Medieval Trade Fair to European Banking Centre (1999)

 

Joseph P. Huffman, Family, Commerce, and Religion in London and Cologne: Anglo-German Emigrants, c.1000-c.1300 (Cambridge: C.U.P., 1998)

 

Franz Irsigler, 'Industrial production, international trade and public finances in Cologne (xivth and xvth century)', Journal of European Economic History, 6 (1977), 269-306

 

Hermann Kellenbenz, 'The fustian industry of the Ulm region in the fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries', in Cloth and Clothing in Medieval Europe: Essays in Memory of Professor E.M. Carus-Wilson, ed. N.B. Harte and K.G. Ponting (London, 1983), 259-76

 

Rolf Kießling, 'Markets and marketing, town and country', in Germany: a New Social and Economic History, 1 (1450-1630), ed. Bob Scribner (London: Arnold, 1996), 145-79

 

Herbert Kisch, 'The textile industries in Silesia and the Rhineland: a comparative study in industrialization (with a postscriptum)', in Industrialization before Industrialization: Rural Industry and the Genesis of Capitalism, ed. P. Kriedte et al. (Eng. trans. by B. Schempp, Cambridge, 1981)

 

T.H. Lloyd, England and the German Hanse, 1157-1611 (1991)

 

D.M. Metcalf, The Coinage of South Germany in the Thirteenth Century (1961)

 

J.U. Nef, 'Mining and metalurgy in medieval civilisation', in Michael Postan and E. Rich ed., The Cambridge Economic History of Europe, vol. 2 (Cambridge: Cambridge U.P., 1952)

 

Martha White Paas, Population Change, Labor Supply, and Agriculture in Augsburg, 1480-1618: a Study of Early Demographic-Economic Interactions (New York, 1981)

 

Rudolf Palme, 'Alpine salt-mining in the Middle Ages', Journal of European Economic History, 19 (1990), 117-36

 

M.M. Postan and E. Miller ed., The Cambridge Economic History of Europe, 2 (Trade and Industry in the Middle Ages) (2nd edn, 1987)

 

Bernd Roeck, 'Venice and Germany: commercial contacts and intellectual inspirations', in Renaissance Venice and the North: Crosscurrents in the Time of Bellini, Dürer, and Titian, ed. Bernard Aikema and Beverly Louise Brown (exhibition catalogue, Venice: Bompiani, 1999), 44-55

 

J. Rosen, 'Prices and public finance in Basle, 1360-1535', Economic History Review, 2nd ser., 25 (1972)

 

Johannes Schildhauer, The Hansa: History and Culture, 2nd trans. edn (Dorset Press, 1988)

 

T. Scott, Freiburg and the Breisgau (1986)

 

Tom Scott, 'Economic conflict and co-operation on the Upper Rhine, 1450-1600', in Politics and Society in Reformation Europe, ed. E.I. Kouri and Tom Scott (Basingstoke, London, 1987), 210-31

 

Tom Scott, 'Town and country in Germany, 1350-1600', in Town and Country in Europe, 1300-1800, ed. S.R. Epstein (Cambridge, 2001), 202-28

 

Tom Scott and Bob Scribner, 'Urban networks', in Germany: a New Social and Economic History, 1 (1450-1630), ed. Bob Scribner (London: Arnold, 1996), 113-43

 

Peter Spufford, Money and its Uses in Medieval Europe (Cambridge: Cambridge U.P., 1988)

 

Peter Spufford, Power and Profit: the Merchant in Medieval Europe (London: Thames & Hudson, 2002)

 

W. von Stromer, 'Nuremberg in the international economics of the Middle Ages', Business History Review, 44 (1970)

 

Wolfgang von Stromer, 'Commercial policy and economic conjuncture in Nuremberg at the close of the Middle Ages: a model of economic policy', Journal of European Economic History, 10 (1980), 119-29

 

William J. Wright, 'The nature of early capitalism', in Germany: a New Social and Economic History, 1 (1450-1630), ed. Bob Scribner (London: Arnold, 1996), 181-208

 

 

14        Settlement of Eastern Europe

 

L. Alssen, 'Peter Suchenwirt and the Drang nach Osten', Lituanus, 22:4 (1978), 5-16

 

H. Aubin, 'The lands east of the Elbe and German colonization eastwards', in The Cambridge Economic History of Europe, 1 ('The Agrarian Life of the Middle Ages') (2nd edn, 1966)

 

J.M. Bak, 'East Central Europe', in D. Hay, Europe in the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries (2nd edn, 1989)

 

G. Barraclough ed., Eastern and Western Europe in the Middle Ages (1970)

 

R. Bartlett, The Making of Europe. Conquest, Colonization and Cultural Change 950-1350  (1993)

 

R.R. Betts, 'The University of Prague: the first sixty years', in Prague Essays, ed. R.W. Seton-Watson (Oxford, 1949), 53-68

 

Eric Christiansen, The Northern Crusades (1980; new edn 1998)

 

N. Davies, God's Playground: a History of Poland, vol. 1 (1981)

 

N. Davies, Metropolis: Portrait of a Central European City (2002)

 

P. Demetz, Prague in Black and Gold: The History of a City (1997)

 

J.B. Freed, The Friars and German Society in the Thirteenth Century (1977)

 

T.A. Fudge, The Magnificent Ride. The First Reformation in Hussite Bohemia (1998)

 

L. Gerevich, 'Hungary', in European Towns: their Archaeology and Early History, ed. M.W. Barley (London, New York, San Francisco, 1977), 431-54

 

A. Gieysztor ed., A History of Poland (2nd edn, 1979)

 

F.G. Heymann, 'The role of towns in Bohemia in the later Middle Ages', Journal of World History, 2 (1955)

 

R.C. Hoffmann, Land, Liberties, and Lordship in a Late Medieval Countryside. Agrarian Structures         and Change in the Duchy of Wroclaw (1989)

 

J.J. Kahk,  'About the historical meaning of the zone of "natural barriers" in the way of the German eastern expansion in the XIIth-XIVth centuries', in Montagnes, fleuves, forêts dans l'histoire: Barrières ou lignes de convergence?, ed. J.F. Bergier (St. Katharinen, 1989), pp. 167-80

 

H. Kaminsky, A History of the Hussite Revolution (1967)

 

Stanislav J. Kirschbaum, A History of Slovakia (Basingstoke, 1995)

 

Paul W. Knoll, 'The stabilization of the Polish western frontier under Casimir the Great 1333-1370', The Polish Review 12, no. 4 (1967), 3-29

 

P. Knoll, 'Economic and political institutions on the Polish-German frontier in the Middle Ages: action, reaction, interaction', in R. Bartlett and A. MacKay ed., Medieval Frontier Societies (1989)

 

K. Krofta, 'Bohemia in the fourteenth century', in Cambridge Medieval History, 7 (1932)

 

A. Kubinyi, 'Urbanisation in the east-central part of medieval Hungary', in Towns in Medieval Hungary, ed. L. Gerevich (Boulder, CO, 1990), 103-49

 

W. Kuhn, ‘German town foundations of the thirteenth century in western Pomerania’, in H.B. Clarke and A. Simms ed., The Comparative History of Urban Origins in Non-Roman Europe (British Archaeological Reports, International Series, 255), vol. 2 (1985)

 

P.R. Magosci, Historical Atlas of East Central Europe (1993)

 

Grzegorz Mysliwski, 'Boundaries and men in Poland from the twelfth to the sixteenth century: the case of Masovia', in Medieval Frontiers: Concepts and Practices, ed. D. Abulafia and N. Berend (Aldershot, 2002), 217-37

 

E.R. Potter, 'Some characteristics of the fourteenth century', in Prague Essays, ed. R.W. Seton-Watson (Oxford, 1949), 19-28

 

W.F. Reddaway, The Cambridge History of Poland to 1696 (Cambridge, 1950)

 

L.E. Scales, ‘At the margin of community: Germans in pre-Hussite Bohemia’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 6th ser., 9 (1999)

 

J.W. Sedlar, East Central Europe in the Middle Ages, 1000-1500 (1994)

 

Hermann Schreiber, Teuton and Slav: the Struggle for Central Europe, trans. James Cleugh (London, 1965)

 

F. Smahel, 'The idea of the "nation" in Hussite Bohemia', Historica, 16 (1969), 143-247 and 17 (1970), 93-197

 

J. Smith and W.L. Urban, 'Peter von Suchenwirt', Lituanus, 31:2 (1985), 5-26

 

P.F. Sugar ed., A History of Hungary (1990)

 

K. Symmons-Symonolewicz, 'National consciousness in Poland until the end of the fourteenth century: a sociological interpretation', Canadian Review of Studies in Nationalism, 8 (1981), 249-66

 

A. Thomas, ‘Czech-German relations as reflected in Old Czech literature’, in R. Bartlett and A. MacKay ed., Medieval Frontier Societies (1989)

 

A. Thomas, Anne’s Bohemia: Czech Literature and Society, 1310-1420 (1998)

 

S.H. Thomson, 'Czech and German: action and interaction', Journal of Central European Affairs, 1 (1941), 306-24

 

A Thousand Years of Czech Culture and Riches from the National Museum in Prague (exhibition catalogue, no editor, 1996-97)

 

Piotr Wandycz, 'Western images and stereotypes of central and eastern Europe', in André Gerrits and Norman Adler ed., Vampires Unstaked: National Images, Stereotypes and Myths in East Central Europe (Amsterdam, 1995), 5-23

 

B. Zientara, 'Nationality conflicts in the German-Slavic borderland in the 13th-14th centuries and their social scope', Acta Poloniae Historica, 22 (1970)

 

B. Zientara, ‘Foreigners in Poland in the 10th-15th centuries: their role in the opinion of the Polish medieval community’, Acta Poloniae Historica, 29 (1974)

 

B. Zientara, 'Melioratio terrae: the thirteenth-century breakthrough in Polish history', in A Republic of Nobles: Studies in Polish History to 1864, ed. J.K. Fedorowicz (Cambridge, 1982), 28-48

 

 

15        Teutonic Order, Prussia, Baltic region

 

James A. Brundage, 'The thirteenth-century Livonian crusade: Henricus de Lettis and the first legatine mission of Bishop William of Modena' in J.A. Brundage, The Crusades, Holy War and Canon Law (Aldershot: Variorum, 1991)

 

M. Burleigh, Prussian Society and the German Order 1440-1466 (1984)

 

F.L. Carsten, The Origins of Prussia (1954)

 

E. Christiansen, The Northern Crusades (1980; new edn 1998)

 

P. Dollinger, The German Hansa (1970)

 

F.R.H. Du Boulay, 'Henry of Derby's crusade in Prussia', in F.R.H. Du Boulay and C. Barron ed., Richard II: Essays in Honour of May McKisack (1971)

 

M.  Dygo, 'The political role of the cult of the Virgin Mary in Teutonic Prussia in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries', Journal of Medieval History, 15 (1989), 63-80

 

Axel Ehlers, 'The crusade of the Teutonic Knights against Lithuania reconsidered', in Alan V. Murray ed., Crusade and Conversion on the Baltic Frontier, 1150-1500 (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2001), 21-44

 

S. Ekdahl, 'The treatment of prisoners of war during the fighting between the Teutonic Order and Lithuania', in M. Barber ed., The Military Orders. Fighting for the Faith and Caring for the Sick (1994)

 

Geoffrey Evans, Tannenberg 1410:1914 (London: Hamish Hamilton, 1970)

 

M. Fischer, “Die Himels Rote”. The Idea of Christian Chivalry in the Chronicles of the Teutonic Order (1991)

 

Mary Fischer, 'Biblical heroes and the uses of literature: the Teutonic Order in the late thirteenth and early fourteenth centuries', in Alan V. Murray ed., Crusade and Conversion on the Baltic Frontier, 1150-1500 (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2001), 261-75

 

Alan Forey, The Military Orders: From the Twelfth to the Early Fourteenth Centuries (London, 1982)

 

K. Gorski, 'The Teutonic Order in Prussia', Medievalia et humanistica, 17 (1966)

 

N. Housley, The Later Crusades: From Lyons to Alcazar 1274-1580 (1992)

 

Pawel Jasienica, Jagiellonian Poland, Eng. trans. by A. Jordan (Miami: American Institute of Polish Culture, 1978)

 

E.N. Johnson, 'The German crusade on the Baltic', in K.M. Setton ed., A History of the Crusades, 3 (1975)

 

P.W. Knoll, The Rise of the Polish Monarchy: Piast Poland in East Central Europe, 1320-1370 (1972)

 

H.W. Koch, A History of Prussia (London, 1978)

 

Julian Kreem, 'The Teutonic Order as a secular ruler in Livonia: the privileges and oath of Reval', in Alan V. Murray ed., Crusade and Conversion on the Baltic Frontier, 1150-1500 (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2001), 215-32

 

Vera I. Matuzova, 'Mental frontiers: Prussians as seen by Peter of Dusburg', in Alan V. Murray ed., Crusade and Conversion on the Baltic Frontier, 1150-1500 (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2001), 253-9

 

Raza Mazeika, 'Of cabbages and knights: trade and trade treaties with the infidel on the northern frontier, 1200-1390', Journal of Medieval History 20 (1994), 63-76

 

Raza Mazeika, 'When crusader and pagan agree: conversion as a point of honour in the baptism of King Mindaugas of Lithuania (c.1240-63)', in Alan V. Murray ed., Crusade and Conversion on the Baltic Frontier, 1150-1500 (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2001), 197-214

 

K. Militzer, 'From the Holy Land to Prussia: the Teutonic Knights between emperors and popes and their policies until 1309', in J. Sarnowsky ed., Mendicants, Military Orders, and Regionalism in Medieval Europe (1999)

 

Johannes A. Mol, 'The hospice of the "German nobility": changes in the admission policy of the Teutonic Knights in the fifteenth century', in J. Sarnowsky ed., Mendicants, Military Orders, and Regionalism in Medieval Europe (1999)

 

Alan V. Murray, 'The structure, genre and intended audience of the Livonian Rhymed Chronicle', in Alan V. Murray ed., Crusade and Conversion on the Baltic Frontier, 1150-1500 (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2001), 235-59

 

Evgeniya L. Nazarova, 'The crusade against the Votians and Izhorians in the thirteenth century', in Alan V. Murray ed., Crusade and Conversion on the Baltic Frontier, 1150-1500 (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2001), 177-95

 

H. Nicholson, Templars, Hospitallers and Teutonic Knights: Images of the Military Orders, 1128-1291             (1993)

 

David Nicolle, Lake Peipus 1242: the Battle on the Ice (London: Osprey, 1996)

 

S.C. Rowell, Lithuania Ascending: A Pagan Empire within East-Central Europe, 1295-1345 (1994) (reviewed by P. Gorecki in Speculum, 73 (1998), 588-91)

 

S.C. Rowell, 'The Lithuano-Prussian forest frontier, c. 1422-1600', in Frontiers in Question. Eurasian Borderlands, 700-1700, ed. Daniel Power and Naomi Standen (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1999), 182-208

 

J. Sarnowsky, 'The Teutonic Order confronts Mongols and Turks', in M. Barber ed., The Military Orders. Fighting for the Faith and Caring for the Sick (1994)

 

I. Sterns, 'Crime and punishment among the Teutonic Knights', Speculum, 57 (1982)

 

I. Sterns, 'The Teutonic Knights in the Crusader States', in K.M. Setton ed., A History of the Crusades, vol. 5 (1985)

 

P.A. Throop, Criticism of the Crusade: A Study of Public Opinion and Crusade Propaganda (Amsterdam, 1940)

 

W.L. Urban, The Baltic Crusade (1975)

 

W.L. Urban, The Prussian Crusade (1980)

 

William Urban, The Samogitian Crusade (Chicago: Lithuanian Studies Research Center, 1989)

 

W.L. Urban, 'Roger Bacon and the Teutonic Knights', Journal of Baltic Studies, 19 (1988), 363-70

 

William Urban, 'The frontier thesis and the Baltic crusade', in Alan V. Murray ed., Crusade and Conversion on the Baltic Frontier, 1150-1500 (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2001), 45-71

 

William Urban, Tannenberg and After: Poland, Lithuania and the Teutonic Order in Search of Immortality, revised edn (Chicago: Lithuanian Studies Research Center, 2002)

 

William Urban, The Teutonic Knights: a Military History (London: Greenhill, 2003)

 

 

16        Social Conflict, Popular Rebellion

 

P. Blickle, 'The economic, social and political background of the twelve articles of the Swabian peasants of 1525', in J. Bak ed., The German Peasant War of 1525 (1976)

 

P. Blickle, 'Peasant revolts in the German Empire in the late Middle Ages', Social History, 4 (1979), 223-39

 

Peter Blickle, The Revolution of 1525, trans. Thomas A. Brady Jr. and H.C. Erik Midelfort (Baltimore, 1981)

 

P. Blickle, 'The communal Reformation in the tradition of late medieval political culture', in P. Blickle, Communal Reformation. The Quest for Salvation in Sixteenth-Century Germany (Eng. trans., 1992)

 

P. Blickle, Resistance, Representation and Community (The Origins of the Modern State in Europe, 13th-18th Centuries) (1997)

 

H.J. Cohn, 'Anticlericalism in the German Peasants' War 1525', Past & Present, 83 (1979), 3-31

 

Paul Freedman, 'The German and Catalan peasant revolts', Americal Historical Review, 98 (1993), 39-54

 

F. Graus, 'From resistance to revolt: the late medieval peasant wars in the context of social crisis', in J. Bak ed., The German Peasant War of 1525 (1976)

 

R.C. Head, 'William Tell and his comrades: association and fraternity in the propaganda of fifteenth- and sixteenth-century Switzerland', Journal of Modern History, 67 (1995), 527-57

 

Randolph C. Head, Early Democracy in the Grisons: Social Order and Political Language in a Swiss Mountain Canton, 1470-1620 (Cambridge, 1995)

 

A. Laube, 'Precursors of the Peasants' War: Bundschuh and Armer Konrad - movements on the eve of    the Reformation', in J. Bak ed., The German Peasant War of 1525 (1976)

 

M. Mullett, Popular Culture and Popular Protest in Late Medieval and Early Modern Europe (1987)

 

H. Oberman, 'The Gospel of Social Unrest: 450 years after the so-called "German Peasants' War" of 1525', Harvard Theological Review, 69 (1976)

 

Jürgen Römer, 'Creating William Tell: a story as a weapon against the Habsburgs', Medieval History, new series, 1 (2002), 78-82

 

L. Rothkrug, 'Icon and ideology in religion and rebellion 1300-1600: Bauernfreiheit and religion royale', in Religion and Rural Revolt: Papers Presented to the Fourth Interdisciplinary Workshop on Peasant Studies, University of British Columbia, 1982 (Manchester and Dover, N.H., 1984), 31-61

 

R.A. Rotz, Urban uprisings in Germany: revolutionary or reformist? The case of Brunswick, 1374', Viator, 4 (1973)

 

R.A. Rotz, 'The uprising of 1374: source of Brunswick's institutions', Braunschweigisches Jahrbuch, 54 (1973), 61-73

 

R.A. Rotz, 'Investigating urban uprisings with examples from Hanseatic towns, 1374-1416', in W.C. Jordan, B. McNab and T.F. Ruiz ed., Order and Innovation in the Middle Ages. Essays for J.R. Strayer (1976)

 

R.A. Rotz, 'The Lübeck uprising of 1408 and the decline of the Hanseatic League', Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 121 (1977), 1-45

 

R.A. Rotz, '"Social struggles" or the price of power? German urban uprisings in the late Middle Ages', Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte, 76 (1985), 64-95

 

Roger Sablonier, 'The Swiss Confederation', in C. Allmand ed., The New Cambridge Medieval History, 7             (c.1415-c.1500) (1998)

 

Norbert Schindler, 'Guardians of disorder', in G. Levi and J.C. Schmitt ed., A History of Young People in the West, vol. 1 (Cambridge, Mass., 1997), 241-82  

 

T. Scott, 'The Peasants' War: a historiographical review', Historical Journal, 22 (1979), 693-720, 953-74

 

T. Scott, 'Liberty and community in medieval Switzerland', German History, 13 (1995), 98-113

 

Bob Scribner and Gerhard Benecke ed., The German Peasant War of 1525: New Viewpoints (London, 1979)

 

Bob Scribner, 'Communalism: universal category or ideological construct? A debate in the historiography of early modern Germany and Switzerland', Historical Journal, 37 (1994), 199-207

 

T.F. Sea, 'The Swabian League and peasant disobedience before the German Peasants' War of 1525', Sixteenth Century Journal, 30 (1999)

 

G.P. Sreenivasan, 'The social origins of the Peasants' War of 1525 in Upper Swabia', Past and Present, 171 (2001)

 

P. Zagorin, Rebels and Rulers 1500-1660, vol. 1 (1982), ch. 7

 

 

17        The German Church: General, Political

 

B. Arnold, ‘German bishops and their military retinues in the medieval Empire’, German History, 7 (1989)

 

T. Brodek, 'Lay community and church institutions of the Lahngau in the late Middle Ages', Central European History, 2 (1969), 22-47

 

A. Classen, ‘Anticlericalism in late medieval German verse’, in P.A. Dykema and H.A. Oberman ed., Anticlericalism in Late Medieval and Early Modern Germany (1993)

 

L.G. Duggan, 'The Church as an institution of the Reich', in J.A. Vann, S.W. Rowan ed., The Old Reich. Essays on German Political Institutions 1495-1806 (1974)

 

L.G. Duggan, Bishop and Chapter. The Governance of the Bishopric of Speyer to 1552 (1978)

 

D. Eltis, ‘Tensions between clergy and laity in some western German cities in the late Middle Ages’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History, 43 (1992)

 

F. Eyck, Religion and Politics in German History. From the Beginnings to the French Revolution (1998)

 

Frank R. Lewis, 'Prelates and nobles in the Rhineland: a church province in the thirteenth century', History, 22 (1937-38), 193-200

 

J.A. Overfield, ‘University studies and the clergy in pre-Reformation Germany’, in P.J. Transue ed., Rebirth, Reform and Resilience. Universities in Transition 1300-1700 (1984)

 

J.J. Tyler, Lord of the Sacred City. The ‘Episcopus Exclusus’ in Late Medieval and Early Modern Germany (1999)

 

W.D. Wackernagel, 'Heinrich von Bernheim, an ecclesiastical judge of the fifteenth century', in Essays in Legal History in Honor of Felix Frankfurter, ed. Morris D. Forkosch (Indianopolis, 1966), 275-88

 

R.E. Weltsch, Archbishop John of Jenstein: Papalism, Humanism and Reform in Pre-Hussite Prague (1968)

 

 

18        The German Church: Reform, Relations with Papacy

 

R.H. Bainton, Here I Stand: a Life of Martin Luther (London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1951)

 

J.E. Biechler, 'Nicholas of Cusa and the end of the Conciliar Movement: a humanist crisis of identity', Church History, 44 (1975), 5-21

 

M. Brecht, Martin Luther: His Road to Reformation 1483-1521, Eng. trans. by J.L. Schaaf, (Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1985)

 

G. Christianson, 'Cardinal Cesarini and Cusa's "Concordantia"', Church History, 54 (1979), 7-19

 

A.G. Dickens, The German Nation and Martin Luther (1974)

 

R.H. Fife, The Revolt of Martin Luther (New York, 1957)

 

Hubert Jedin, A History of the Council of Trent, vol. 1, Eng. trans. by E. Graf (London: Nelson, 1957)         pp. 148-55 for examples of reforming bishops in pre-Reformation Germany

 

James M. Kittelson, Luther the Reformer: The Story of the Man and his Career (Minneapolis, 1986)

 

Joseph Lortz, The Reformation in Germany, 2 vols, Eng. trans. by Ronald Walls (London: Barton, Longman & Todd, 1968)

 

P.L. McDermott, 'Nicholas of Cusa: continuity and conciliation at the Council of Basel', Church History, 67 (1998), 254-73

 

S. Ozment, The Reformation in the Cities (1975)

 

S. Ozment, The Age of Reform (1980)

 

Ludwig Pastor, The History of the Popes from the Close of the Middle Ages, ed. Frederick I. Antrobus, 3 (London, 1894)

 

R.W. Scribner, ‘Germany’, in B. Scribner, R. Porter, M. Teich ed., The Reformation in National Context (1994)

 

D. Sullivan, ‘Nicholas of Cusa as reformer: the papal legation to the Germanies, 1451-1452’, Mediaeval Studies, 36 (1974)

 

D. Sullivan, ‘Cusanus and pastoral renewal: the reform of popular religion in the Germanies’, in G. Christianson and T.M. Izbicki ed., Nicholas of Cusa on Christ and the Church (1996)

 

P.E. Tillinghast, ‘An aborted Reformation: Germany and the papacy in the mid-fifteenth century’, Journal of Medieval History, 2 (1976)

 

John B. Toews, 'Pope Eugenius IV and the Concordat of Vienna (1448) – an interpretation', Church History, 34 (1965), 178-94

 

John B. Toews, 'Formative forces in the pontificate of Nicholas V, 1447-1455', Catholic Historical Review, 54 (1968), 261-84

 

M. Watanabe, 'The episcopal election of 1430 at Trier and Nicholas of Cusa', Church History, 39 (1970), 299-317

 

M. Watanabe, 'Nicholas of Cusa and the Tyrolese monasteries: reform and resistance', History of Political Thought, 7 (1986), 53-72

 

M. Watanabe, 'The German Church shortly before the Reformation: Nicholas Cusanus and the veneration of the bleeding hosts of Wilsnack', in T.M. Izbicki and C.M. Bellitto ed., Reform and Renewal in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance (2000)

 

 

19        The German Church: Monasticism; Spirituality; Mysticism

 

E.J. Dempsey Douglass, Justification in Late Medieval Preaching: a Study of John Geiler of Kaysersberg (Studies in Medieval and Reformation Thought, 1, Leiden, 1966)

 

Sigrun Haude, 'The silent monks speak up: the changing identity of the Carthusians in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries', Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte, 86 (1995), 124-39   Includes material from Cologne

 

A. Hyma, The Christian Renaissance. A History of the Devotio Moderna (1965)

 

W.M. Landeen, 'The beginnings of the Devotio Moderna in Germany', State College of Washington Research Studies, 19 (1951), 162-202, 221-53; 21 (1953), 275-309; 22 (1954), 57-75

 

Thomas Lentes, 'Counting piety in the late Middle Ages', in Ordering Medieval Society: Perspectives on Intellectual and Practical Modes of Shaping Social Relations, ed. Bernhard Jussen (Pennsylvania, 2001), 55-91

 

R.R. Post, The Modern Devotion: Confrontation with Reformation and Humanism (1968)

 

Anne Winston-Allen, Stories of the Rose: the Making of the Rosary in the Middle Ages (Pennsylvania: Penn State UP, 1997)

 

 

20        Popular Religion; Heresy

 

P. Blickle, ‘Communal Reformation and peasant piety: the peasant Reformation and its late medieval origins’, Central European History, 20 (1987)

 

T.A. Brady, ‘“You hate us priests”: anticlericalism, communalism and the control of women in Strasbourg in the age of the Reformation’, in P.A. Dykema and H.A. Oberman ed., Anticlericalism in Late Medieval and Early Modern Germany (1993)

 

M. Burleigh, 'Anticlericalism in fifteenth-century Prussia: the clerical contribution reconsidered', in C.M. Barron and C. Harper-Bill ed., The Church in Pre-Reformation Society: Essays in Honour of F.R.H. Du Boulay (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1985), 38-47

 

Caroline Walker Bynum, 'The blood of Christ in the later Middle Ages', Church History, 71 (2002), 685-714

 

Miriam Usher Chrisman, Strasbourg and the Reform: a Study in the Process of Change (New Haven: Yale U.P., 1967)

 

M.U. Chrisman, Lay Culture, Learned Culture: Books and Social Change in Strasbourg, 1480-1599 (New Haven: Yale U.P., 1982)

 

M.U. Chrisman, ‘Printing and the evolution of lay culture in Strasbourg, 1480-1599’, in R. Po-chia Hsia ed., The German People and the Reformation (1988)

 

A. Classen, ‘Anticlericalism in late medieval German verse’, in P.A. Dykema and H.A. Oberman ed., Anticlericalism in Late Medieval and Early Modern Germany (1993)

 

Lawrence G. Duggan, 'Fear and confession on the eve of the Reformation', Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte, 75 (1984), 153-75

 

Richard Kieckhefer, Repression of Heresy in Medieval Germany (Liverpool: Liverpool UP, 1979)

 

Richard Kieckhefer, Forbidden Rites: a Necromancer's Manual of the Fifteenth Century (Stroud: Sutton, 1997)

 

Craig M. Koslofsky, The Reformation of the Dead: Death and Ritual in Early Modern Germany, 1450-1700 (London: Palgrave, 2000)

 

B. Moeller, ‘Piety in Germany around 1500’, in S. Ozment ed., The Reformation in Medieval Perspective (1971) The same essay in a different trans. in G. Strauss ed., Pre-Reformation Germany (1972)

 

L. Rothkrug, 'Popular religion and holy shrines: their influence on the origins of the German reformation and their role in German cultural development', in Religion and the People, 800-1700, ed. J. Obelkevich (Chapel Hill, N.C., 1979), 20-86

 

M.J. Rudwin, 'The origin of German carnival comedy', Journal of English and German Philology, 18 (1919), 402-54

 

Steven D. Sargent, 'A critique of Lionel Rothkrug's list of Bavarian pilgrimage shrines', Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte, 78 (1987), 351-8

 

S.D. Sargent, 'Saints' cults and naming patterns in Bavaria, 1400-1600', Catholic Historical Review 76 (1990)

 

R.W. Scribner, ‘Ritual and popular religion in catholic Germany at the time of the Reformation’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History, 35 (1984)

 

R.W. Scribner, 'Cosmic order and daily life: sacred and secular in pre-industrial German society', in R.W. Scribner, Popular Culture and Popular Movements in Reformation Germany (1987), 1-16

 

Bob Scribner, 'Anticlericalism and the cities', in P.A. Dykema and H.A. Oberman ed., Anticlericalism in Late Medieval and Early Modern Germany (1993)

 

R.W. Scribner, Religion and Culture in Germany (1400-1800), ed. L. Roper (2001)

 

P.M. Soergel, Wondrous in his Saints. Counter-Reformation Propaganda in Bavaria (1993)

 

S.L. Sumberg, The Nuremberg Schembart Carnival (1941)

 

R.N. Swanson, Religion and Devotion in Europe, ca. 1215-ca. 1515 (1995)

 

S.H. Thomson, 'Pre-Hussite heresy in Bohemia', English Historical Review, 48 (1932)

 

A. Vauchez, The Laity in the Middle Ages (1993)

 

E. Wilson, 'Institoris at Innsbruck: Heinrich Institoris, the Summis Desiderantes and the Brixen witch-trial of 1485', in Popular Religion in Germany and Central Europe, 1400-1800, ed. B. Scribner and T. Johnson (1996)

 

R. Wunderli, Peasant Fires. The Drummer of Niklaushausen (1990)

 

C. Zika, ‘Hosts, processions, and pilgrimages in fifteenth-century Germany’, Past & Present, 118 (1988)

 

C. Zika, 'Dürer's witch, riding women and moral order', in Dürer and his Culture, ed. D. Eichelberger and C. Zika (Cambridge: C.U.P., 1998)

 

 

21        The Jews

 

S.G. Burnett, 'Review article: Jews and anti-semitism in early modern Germany', Sixteenth Century Journal, 27 (1996)

 

J. Cohen, The Friars and the Jews: the Evolution of Medieval Anti-Judaism (1982)

 

N. Cohn, The Pursuit of the Millennium (1957)

 

Allyson F. Creasman, 'The Virgin Mary against the Jews: anti-Jewish polemic in the pilgrimage to the Schöne Maria of Regensburg, 1519-25', Sixteenth Century Journal, 33 (2002), 963-80

 

A. Foa, The Jews of Europe after the Black Death (2000)

 

Andrew C. Gow, The Red Jews: Antisemitism in an Apocalyptic Age (Leiden: Brill, 1995)

 

A. Haverkamp, ‘The Jewish quarters in German towns during the later Middle Ages’, in R. Po-chia Hsia and H. Lehmann ed., In and Out of the Ghetto (1995)

 

J.I. Israel, 'Germany and its Jews: a changing relationship (13000-1800)', in R. Po-chia Hsia and H. Lehmann ed., In and Out of the Ghetto (1995)

 

Guido Kisch, The Jews in Medieval Germany: a Study of their Legal and Social Status (2nd edn, New York, 1970)

 

J.M. Minty, ‘Judengasse to Christian quarter. The phenomenon of the converted synagogue in the late medieval and early modern Holy Roman Empire’, in B. Scribner and T. Johnson ed., Popular Religion in Germany and Central Europe, 1400-1800 (1996)

 

Heiko A. Oberman, 'Discovery of Hebrew and discrimination against the Jews: the Veritas Hebraica as the double-edged sword in Renaissance and Reformation', in Germania Illustrata: Essays on Early Modern Germany Presented to Gerald Strauss, ed. Andrew C. Fix and Susan C. Karant-Nunn (Kirksville, Missouri, 1992), 19-34

 

A. Patschovsky, 'The relationship between the Jews in Germany and the king: a European comparison', in England and Germany in the High Middle Ages, ed. Alfred Haverkamp and Hannah Vollrath (Oxford, 1996)

 

R. Po-chia Hsia, The Myth of Ritual Murder: Jews and Magic in Reformation Germany (New Haven, CT, London, 1988)

 

R. Po-chia Hsia, Trent 1475: Stories of a Ritual Murder Trial (New Haven, CT, London, 1992)

 

R. Po-chia Hsia, 'The usurious Jew: economic structure and religious representations in an anti-Semitic discourse', in R. Po-chia Hsia and H. Lehmann ed., In and Out of the Ghetto (1995)

 

Rotraud Ries, 'German territorial princes and the Jews', in R. Po-chia Hsia and H. Lehmann ed., In and Out of the Ghetto (1995)

 

Miri Rubin, 'Imagining the Jew: the late medieval eucharistic discourse', in R. Po-chia Hsia and H. Lehmann ed., In and Out of the Ghetto (1995)

 

M. Rubin, Gentile Tales. The Narrative Assault on Late Medieval Jews (1999)

 

Michael Toch, 'The formation of a diaspora: the settlement of Jews in the medieval German Reich', in Michael Toch, Peasants and Jews in Medieval Germany: Studies in Cultural, Social and Economic History (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2003)

 

Michael Toch, 'Jewish migrations to, within and from medieval Germany, in Michael Toch, Peasants and Jews in Medieval Germany: Studies in Cultural, Social and Economic History (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2003)

 

Kristen E.S. Zapalac, '"With a morsel of bread": delineating differences in the Jewish and Christian communities in Regensburg before the pogrom of 1519', in Infinite Boundaries: Order, Disorder and Reorder in Early Modern German Culture, ed. Max Reinhart (Kirksville, Missouri), 271-90

 

 

22        Learning, Civil Law, Universities

 

G. Boyce, The English-German Nation in the University of Paris during the Middle Ages (Bruges, 1927)

 

Gray Cowan Boyce, 'Erfurt schools and scholars in the thirteenth century', Speculum, 24 (1949), 1-18

 

V. Chaloupecky, The Caroline University of Prague. Its Foundation, Character and Development in the Fourteenth Century (1948)

 

A.B. Cobban, The Medieval Universities: their Development and Organization (London, 1975)

 

William J. Courtenay, '"Theologia Anglicana modernorum" at Cologne in the fourteenth century', in Albert Zimmermann ed., Die Kölner Universität im Mittelalter (Berlin and New York, 1989), 245-54

 

William J. Courtenay, 'Study abroad: German students at Bologna, Paris and Oxford in the fourteenth century', in William J. Courtenay and Jürgen Miethke ed., Universities and Schooling in Medieval Society (Leiden: Brill, 2000), 7-31

 

Georg Dahm, 'On the reception of Roman and Italian law in Germany', in Pre-Reformation Germany, ed. Gerald Strauss (New York: Harper & Row, 1972), 282-315

 

J.M. Fletcher, 'Wealth and poverty in the medieval German universities with particular reference to the University of Freiburg', in J.Hale, J.R.L. Highfield, B. Smalley ed., Europe in the Late Middle Ages (1965), 410-36

 

A.L. Gabriel, 'The house of poor German students at the medieval University of Paris', in Festschrift für Karl Bosl (Stuttgart, 1974)

 

Astrik L. Gabriel, '"Via antiqua" and "via moderna" and the migration of Paris students and masters to the German universities in the 15th century', in Albert Zimmermann ed., Antiqui und Moderni: Traditionsbewußtsein und Fortschrittsbewußtsein im späten Mittelalter (Berlin, 1974), 439-83

 

Wolfgang Kunkel, 'The reception of Roman law in Germany: an interpretation', in Pre-Reformation Germany, ed. Gerald Strauss (New York: Harper & Row, 1972), 263-81

 

F.-B. Lickteig, The German Carmelites at the Medieval Universities (Rome, 1981)

 

H.A. Oberman, 'University and society on the threshhold of modern times: the German connection', in P.J. Transue ed., Rebirth, Reform and Resilience. Universities in Transition 1300-1700 (1984)

 

J. Overfield, 'Nobles and paupers at German universities to 1600', Societas: a Review of Social History, 4 (1978), 175-210

 

J.H. Overfield, 'University studies and the clergy in pre-Reformation Germany', in P.J. Transue ed., Rebirth, Reform and Resilience. Universities in Transition 1300-1700 (1984)

 

H. Rashdall, The Universities of Europe in the Middle Ages, ed. F.M. Powicke and A.B. Emden, 3 vols (Oxford, 1936)

 

Frank Rexroth, 'Ritual and the creation of social knowledge: the opening celebrations of medieval German universities', in William J. Courtenay and Jürgen Miethke ed., Universities and Schooling in Medieval Society (Leiden: Brill, 2000), 65-80

 

H. de Ridder-Symoens, A History of the Universities in Europe, vol. 1 (Universities in

the Middle Ages) (1992) Chs by Schwinges

 

Michael Schank, 'Unless You Believe, You Shall Not Understand': Logic, University

and Society in Late Medieval Vienna (Princeton: Princeton U.P., 1988)

 

R.C. Schwinges, 'The medieval German university: transformation and innovation',

Pedagogica Historica, 34 (1998), 374-88

 

Rainer C. Schwinges, 'On recruitment in German universities from the fourteenth to

sixteent centuries', in William J. Courtenay and Jürgen Miethke ed., Universities and

Schooling in Medieval Society (Leiden: Brill, 2000), 32-48

 

Helmut G. Walther, 'Learned jurists and their profit for society – some aspects of the

development of legal studies at Italian and German universities in the late Middle

Ages', in William J. Courtenay and Jürgen Miethke ed., Universities and Schooling in

Medieval Society (Leiden: Brill, 2000), 100-26

 

Klaus Wriedt, 'University scholars in German cities during the late Middle Ages:

employment, recruitment, and support', in William J. Courtenay and Jürgen Miethke

ed., Universities and Schooling in Medieval Society (Leiden: Brill, 2000), 49-64

 

 

23        Humanism

 

F.L. Borchardt, German Antiquity in Renaissance Myth (1971)

 

Frank L. Borchardt, 'First contacts with Italy', in The Renaissance and Reformation in Germany: an Introduction, ed. Gerhart Hoffmeister (New York: Ungar, 1977), 1-16

 

N.L. Brann, The Abbot Trithemius (1462-1516): the Renaissance of Monastic Humanism (1981)

 

Noel L. Brann, 'Humanism in Germany', in Albert Rabil Jr. ed., Renaissance Humanism: Foundations, Forms and Legacy, vol. 2 (Philadelphia, 1988)

 

Euan Cameron, The Reformation (Oxford, 1991)

 

J.F. D'Amico, Roman and German Humanism, 1450-1550 (1993)

 

A.G. Dickens, The German Nation and Martin Luther (1974)

 

A.G. Dickens, 'Luther and the humanists', in P. Mack and M. Jacob ed., Politics and Culture in Early Modern Europe: Essays in Honour of H.G. Koenigsberger (Cambridge, 1987)

 

Gerhard Dünnhaupt, 'Sebastian Brant: The Ship of Fools', in The Renaissance and Reformation in Germany: an Introduction, ed. Gerhart Hoffmeister (New York: Ungar, 1977), 69-81

 

Maria Grossmann, Humanism in Wittenberg, 1485-1517 (Nieuwkoop, 1975)

 

Gerhart Hoffmeister, 'The pagan influence of the Italian Renaissance on German life and letters, 1450-1520', in The Renaissance and Reformation in Germany: an Introduction, ed. Gerhart Hoffmeister (New York: Ungar, 1977), 51-67

 

H. Holborn, Ulrich von Hutten and the German Reformation (New Haven, 1937)

 

K. Jensen, 'The humanist reform of Latin and Latin teaching', in J. Kraye ed., The Cambridge Companion to Renaissance Humanism (1996)

 

Paul Joachimsen, 'Humanism and the development of the German mind', in Pre-Reformation Germany, ed. Gerald Strauss (New York: Harper & Row, 1972), 162-224

 

Robert Joda, 'Nicholas of Cusa: precursor of humanism', in The Renaissance and Reformation in Germany: an Introduction, ed. Gerhart Hoffmeister (New York: Ungar, 1977), 33-49

 

J. Kraye ed., The Cambridge Companion to Renaissance Humanism (1996)

 

Karen Lambrecht, 'Communicating Europe to the region: Breslau in the age of the Renaissance', German History, 20 (2002), 1-19

 

J.V. Mehl, 'Humanism in the home town of the "Obscure Men", in Humanism in Cologne, ed. J.V. Mehl (1991)

 

B. Moeller, 'The German humanists and the beginnings of the Reformation', in Imperial Cities and the Reformation: Three Essays, trans. H.C.E. Midelfort and M.U. Edwards (Philadelphia, 1972)

 

C. Nauert, 'Triumph and disaster', in C. Nauert, Humanism and the Culture of Renaissance Europe (Cambridge, 1995)

 

H.A. Obermann, The Harvest of Medieval Theology: Gabriel Biel and Late Medieval Nominalism (1963)

 

H.A. Oberman, Masters of the Reformation. The Emergence of a New Intellectual Climate in Europe (1981)

 

J.H. Overfield, 'Scholastic opposition to humanism in pre-Reformation Germany', Viator, 7 (1976), 391-420

 

J.H. Overfield, Humanism and Scholasticism in Late Medieval Germany (1984)

 

W. Rüegg, 'The rise of humanism', in A History of the Universities in Europe, ed. H. de Ridder-Symoens (1992)

 

Hans Rupprich, 'Willibald Pirckheimer: a study of his personality as a scholar', in Pre-Reformation Germany, ed. Gerald Strauss (New York: Harper & Row, 1972), 380-435

 

Peter Schäffer, 'Letters of Obscure Men', in The Renaissance and Reformation in Germany: an Introduction, ed. Gerhart Hoffmeister (New York: Ungar, 1977), 129-40

 

L.W. Spitz, Conrad Celtis: the German Arch-Humanist (1957)

 

L.W. Spitz, The Religious Renaissance of the German Humanists (1963)

 

L.W. Spitz, 'The course of German humanism', in H.A. Oberman and T.A. Brady ed., Itinerarium Italicum: The Profile of the Italian Renaissance in the Mirror of its European Transformations (1975)

 

L.W. Spitz, ‘Humanism in Germany’, in A. Goodman and A. MacKay ed., The Impact of Humanism on Western Europe (1990)

 

D.C. Steinmetz, Misericordia Dei: the Theology of Johannes von Staupitz in its Late Medieval Setting (1968)

 

D.C. Steinmetz, Luther and Staupitz: an Essay in the Intellectual Origins of the Protestant Reformation (1980)

 

D.C. Steinmetz, Reformers in the Wings: from Geiler von Kaysersberg to Theodor Beza (2001)

 

G. Strauss, Historian in an Age of Crisis: the Life and Work of Johannes Aventinus 1477-1534 (1963)

 

M. Tanner, The Last Descendant of Aeneas (New Haven, 1993) [For the genealogy  of Maximilian I]

 

M. Watanabe, 'Duke Sigmund and Gregor Heimburg', in Festschrift Nikolaus Grass zum 60. Geburtstag, ed. L. Carlen and F. Steinegger, 1 (Innsbruck, 1974), 559-73

 

M. Watanabe, 'Humanism in the Tyrol: Aeneas Sylvius, Duke Sigmund, Gregor Heimburg', Journal of Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 4 (1974), 177-202

 

M. Watanabe, 'Gregor Heimburg and early humanism in Germany', in Philosophy and Humanism: Renaissance Essays in Honor of Paul O. Kristeller, ed. Edward P. Mahoney (New York and Leiden, 1976), 406-22

 

Sam Wheelis, 'Ulrich von Hutten: representative of patriotic humanism', in The Renaissance and Reformation in Germany: an Introduction, ed. Gerhart Hoffmeister (New York: Ungar, 1977), 111-27

 

E.H. Zeydel, Sebastian Brant (1967)

 

 

24        Literature, German language, Printing, Music

 

L.E. Cuyler, The Emperor Maximilian and Music (1973)

 

S.C. Van D'Elden, Peter Suchenwirt and Heraldic Poetry (Wiener Arbeiten zur Germanistischen Altertumskunde und Philologie, ix, Vienna, 1976)

 

Paul Van Dyke, 'The literary activity of the emperor Maximilian I', American Historical Review, 11 (1905), 16-20

 

L. Febvre and H.-J. Martin, The Coming of the Book: the Impact of Printing 1450-1800, trans. D. Gerard (London, 1976)

 

R. Hirsch, Printing, Selling and Reading 1450-1550 (Wiesbaden, 1967)

 

Antonin Hruby, 'The Plowman of Bohemia', in The Renaissance and Reformation in Germany: an Introduction, ed. Gerhart Hoffmeister (New York: Ungar, 1977), 17-32

 

A. Kapr, Johann Gutenberg: the Man and his Invention (Eng. trans., 1995)

 

Pieter Van Oostrom, Court and Culture: Dutch Literature, 1350-1450, Eng. trans. by A.J. Pomerans (Berkeley, Cal.: California U.P., 1992)

 

W.C. McDonald, German Medieval Literary Patronage from Charlemagne to Maximilian I (1973)

 

E.J. Morrall, Oswald von Wolkenstein and Mandeville's Travels (1965)

 

Alan Robertshaw, The Life and Autobiographical Poetry of Oswald von Wolkenstein (Exeter, 1973)

 

Alan Robertshaw, Oswald von Wolkenstein: the Myth and the Man (Göppingen: A. Kummerle, 1977)

 

V. Scholderer, Johann Gutenberg, the Inventor of Printing (1963)

 

R. Strohm, The Rise of European Music 1380-1500 (1993)

 

M. O'C. Walshe, 'Der "Ackermann aus Böhmen", a structural interpretation', Classica et Medievalia, 15 (1954), 130-45

 

H. Watanabe-O'Kelly ed., The Cambridge History of German Literature (1997)

 

C.J. Wells, German: a Linguistic History to 1945 (1985)

 

Adrian Wilson, The Making of the Nuremberg Chronicle (Amsterdam: Nico Israel, 1976)

 

P. Wolff, Western Languages, A.D. 100 to 1500 (Eng. trans., 1971)

 

 

25        The 'German Nation'

 

D.V.N. Bagchi, '"Teutschlandt uber alle Welt": nationalism and Catholicism in early Reformation Germany', Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte, 82 (1991), 39-58

 

David Buisseret, The Mapmaker's Quest: Depicting New Worlds in Renaissance Europe (Oxford: Oxford U.P., 2003)

 

Oswald Dreyer-Einbeke, 'Conrad Celtis: humanist, poet and cosmographer', The Map Collector, 74 (1996), 18-21

 

Anthony Grafton, New Worlds, Ancient Texts: The Power of Tradition and the Shock of Discovery (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard U.P., 1992)

 

Robert Karrow, Mapmakers in the Sixteenth Century and their Maps (Chicago, 1993)

 

Donald R. Kelley, 'The Germania in the Renaissance and Reformation', in T.J. Luce and A.J. Woodman, Tacitus and the Tacitean Tradition (Princeton, 1993)

 

I.D. Rowland, 'Revenge of the Regensburg humanists, 1493', Sixteenth Century Journal, 25 (1994)

 

Leonard E. Scales, 'Identifying "France" and "Germany": medieval nation-making in some recent publications', Bulletin of International Medieval Research, 6 (2000), 21-46

 

Simon Schama, Landscape and Memory (London: Fontana, 1996)

 

L. Silver, ‘Germanic patriotism in the age of Dürer’, in D. Eichelberger and C. Zika ed., Dürer and his Culture (1998)

 

K. Stadtwald, ‘Pope Alexander III’s humiliation of Emperor Frederick Barbarossa as an episode in sixteenth-century German history’, Sixteenth Century Journal, 23 (1992)

 

Kurt Stadtwald, 'Patriotism and antipapalism in the politics of Conrad Celtis's "Vienna Circle"', Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte, 84 (1993), 83-102

 

K. Stadtwald, Roman Popes and German Patriots (1996)

 

Gerald Strauss, Sixteeenth-Century Germany: its Topography and Topographers (Madison, WI, 1959)

 

G. Strauss, ‘The course of German history: the Lutheran interpretation’, in G. Strauss, Enacting the Reformation in Germany (1993)

 

G. Strauss, ‘The image of Germany in the sixteenth century’, in G. Strauss, Enacting the Reformation in Germany (1993)

 

J.D. Tracy, ‘Erasmus becomes a German’, Renaissance Quarterly, 21 (1968)

 

 

26        The Visual Arts – to c.1450

 

E. Bachmann ed., Gothic Art in Bohemia: Architecture, Sculpture and Painting (1977)

 

R.G. Calkins, Medieval Architecture in Western Europe from AD 300 to 1500 (1998)

 

B. Corley, Conrad von Soest: Painter among Merchant Princes (1996)

 

B. Corley, Painting and Patronage in Cologne, 1300-1500 (2000)

 

P. Crossley, 'The politics of presentation: the architecture of Charles IV of Bohemia', in Courts and Regions in Medieval Europe, ed. S. Rees Jones, R. Marks and A.J. Minnis (2000)

 

P. Crossley, 'Architecture', in M. Jones ed., The New Cambridge Medieval History vol. 6 (c.1300-c.1415) (2000)

 

P. Crossley, 'Architecture and painting', in C. Allmand ed., The New Cambridge Medieval History vol. 7 (c.1415-c.1500) (1998)

 

P. Descargues, German Painting from the Fourteenth to the Sixteenth Century (1958)

 

J. Fajt ed., Magister Theodoricus: Court Painter to the Emperor Charles IV (1998)

 

A. Friedl, Master Theodoricus: On his Style of Painiting (1947)

 

Gothic and Renaissance Art in Nuremberg 1300-1550 (exhibition catalogue, no editor, 1986)

 

H. Kraus, Gold was the Mortar. The Economics of Cathedral Building (1979) ch. on Strasbourg

 

H. Landolt, German Painting: the Late Middle Ages, 1350-1500 (1968)

 

A. Matejcek and J. Pesina, Czech Gothic Painting: 1350-1450 (Prague, 1950)

 

T. Müller, Sculpture in the Netherlands, Germany, France and Spain, 1400-1500 (1966)

 

C.A.R. Muther and R.R. Shaw, German Book Illustrations of the Gothic Period and the Early Renaissance (1972)

 

N. Nussbaum, German Gothic Church Architecture (2000)

 

I. Rosario, Art and Propaganda. Charles IV of Bohemia, 1346-1378 (2000)

 

W. Swaan, The Late Middle Ages: Art and Architecture from 1350 to the Advent of the Renaissance (1977) ch. on ‘Germany and Austria

 

P. Williamson, Gothic Sculpture, 1140-1300 (1995)

 

 

27        The Visual Arts – from c. 1450

 

Bernard Aikema and Andrew John Martin, 'Crosscurrents with Germany: the spread of the Venetian Renaissance', in Renaissance Venice and the North: Crosscurrents in the Time of Bellini, Dürer, and Titian, ed. Bernard Aikema and Beverly Louise Brown (exhibition catalogue, Venice: Bompiani, 1999), 332-423

 

M. Baxandall, The Limewood Sculptors of Renaissance Germany (1980)

 

O. Benesch, The Art of the Renaissance in Northern Europe (1965)

 

O. Benesch, German Painting: From Dürer to Holbein (1966)

 

T.A. Brady, ‘The social place of a German Renaissance artist: Hans Baldung Grien (1484/85-1545) at             Strasbourg’, Central European History, 9 (1975)

 

A. Burckhard, ‘Veit Stoss, German sculptor’, Speculum (1935)

 

Bruno Bushart, 'Venice and Augsburg: architecture and sculpture in the sixteenth century', in Renaissance Venice and the North: Crosscurrents in the Time of Bellini, Dürer, and Titian, ed. Bernard Aikema and Beverly Louise Brown (exhibition catalogue, Venice: Bompiani, 1999), 160-69

 

P. Crossley, ‘The return of the forest: natural architecture and the German past in the age of Dürer’, in W. Gaehtgens ed., Künstlerischer Austausch / Artistic Exchange. Akten des XXVIII. Internationalen Kongress für Kunstgeschichte, 2 (1992)

 

Pia F. Cuneo, Art and Politics in Early Modern Germany: Jörg Breu the Elder and the Fashioning of Political Identity c. 1475-1536 (Leiden: Brill, 1998)

 

P. Descargues, German Painting from the Fourteenth to the Sixteenth Century (1958)

 

W.R. Deusch, German Painting in the Sixteenth Century: Dürer and his Contemporaries (1973)

 

J. Dunkerton et al., From Giotto to Dürer. Early Renaissance Painting in the National Gallery (1991)

 

D. Eichelberger and C. Zika ed., Dürer and his Culture (1998)

 

Tilman Falk and Adam von Bartsch, Sixteenth-Century German Artists (New York, 1980)

 

Christa Grössinger, North-European Panel Paintings: a Catalogue of Netherlandish and German Paintings before 1600 in English Churches and Colleges (London: Harvey Miller, 1992)

 

Christa Grössinger, Picturing Women in Late Medieval and Renaissance Art (Manchester: Manchester U.P., 1997)

 

Christa Grössinger, Humour and Folly in Secular and Profane Prints of Northern Europe, 1430-1540 (London: Harvey Miller, 2002)

 

J.R. Hale, Artists and Warfare in the Renaissance (1990)

 

Craig Harbison, The Art of the Northern Renaissance (London, 1995)

 

F.W.H. Hollstein, German Engravings, Etchings and Woodcuts, ca. 1400-1700 (multi-volume, 1954-74)

 

P. Humfrey and M. Kemp ed., The Altarpiece in the Renaissance (1990), esp. chs by Decker, Evans

 

T. DaCosta Kaufmann, Court, Cloister and City: the Art and Culture of Central Europe, 1450-1800             (1995)

 

J.L. Koerner, The Moment of Self-Portraiture in German Renaissance Art (Chicago, 1993)

 

Fritz Koreny, 'Venice and Dürer', in Renaissance Venice and the North: Crosscurrents in the Time of Bellini, Dürer, and Titian, ed. Bernard Aikema and Beverly Louise Brown (exhibition catalogue, Venice: Bompiani, 1999), 240-331`

 

W. Koschatzky, Albrecht Dürer: the Landscape Watercolors (New York, 1973)

 

Isolde Lübbeke, The Thyssen-Bornemisza Collection: Early German Painting 1350-1550, Eng. trans. by Margaret Thomas Will (London: Sotheby's, 1991)

 

K. Moxey, 'The social function of secular woodcuts in sixteenth-century Nuremberg', in New Perspectives on the Art of Renaissance Nuremberg: Five Essays (Austin, Texas, 1985), 63-81

 

G. von der Osten and H. Vey, Painting and Sculpture in Germany and the Netherlands, 1500-1600 (1969)

 

E. Panofsky, Albrecht Dürer, 2 vols (2nd edn, 1945)

 

S.M. Pearce and M. Meiss, 'Letters about portraits of Frederick III', The Burlington Magazine, 103 (1961)

 

Julian Raby, Venice, Dürer and the Oriental Mode (Totowa, N.J.: Islamic Art Publications, 1982)

 

W.L. Schreiber, The Illustrated Book in the Fifteenth Century (1929)

 

L. Silver, 'Forest primeval: Albrecht Altdorfer and the German wilderness landscape', Simiolus, 13 (1983), 4-43

 

L. Silver, 'Power of the press: Dürer's Arch of Honour', in Albrecht Dürer in the Collection of the National Gallery of Victoria, ed. I. Zdanowicz (Melbourne, 1994)

 

James Snyder, Northern Renaissance Art: Painting, Sculpture and the Graphic Arts from 1350 to 1575 (New York, 1985)

 

P. Strieder, Dürer: Paintings, Prints, Drawings (Eng. trans., 1982)

 

H. Wölfflin, The Art of Albrecht Dürer (Eng. trans., 1971)

 

Christopher S. Wood, Albrecht Altdorfer and the Origins of Landscape (1999)

 

Christopher S. Wood, 'Germany's blind Renaissance', in Infinite Boundaries: Order, Disorder and Reorder in Early Modern German Culture, ed. Max Reinhart (Kirksville, Missouri), 225-44