Pictures from the extraordinary Vatican Museums. Top tip: buy tickets in advance to avoid the huge queues! (L) The Cortile della Pigna, where pigna refers to the enormous Roman bronze pine cone dating from the 1st C AD. (R) Corridor in the Museo Chiaramonti.
Statues and busts in the Museo Chiaramonti. Note the fig leaves delicately covering the male gentalia. While such fig leaves were first mandated by Pope Paul IV in 1557, it is thought that Innocent X (1644-55) was responsible for the most ardent hiding of private parts (to the point of having exposed penises chiselled off).
(L) The famous statue of Laocoön and his sons was bought by Pope Julius II when it was unearthed in 1506, and was the very first exhibit in what was to become the Vatican Museums. (R) The magnificent red porphyry sarcophagus thought to be of Empress Helena (mother of Constantine).
(L) Magnificent ceiling decorations and (R) map of the Sorrentine peninsula in the Gallery of Maps.
(L) Part of the Deliverance of St. Peter, a fresco in the Raphael Rooms. (R) Painting from the Room of the Immaculate Conception, marking one of the few occasions when papal infallibility has been invoked to declare the Immaculate Conception as dogmatic (1854).
This extraordinary spiral staircase at the exit of Vatican Museums dates from 1932. The double helix allows separate streams of traffic up and down, although it seems here only to be used for descent.
The frontage of St. Peter’s basilica.
Details of the ceiling, with Bernini’s baldaquin over the altar in the bottom left.