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Home > Crime and Punishment in Durham > Prison Reform > Elizabeth Fry and Joseph Gurney
 

 The work of Elizabeth Fry and Joseph Gurney

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Extracts from Prisons in Scotland and the North of England by Fry and Gurney. Click to enlarge.

Extracts from Prisons in Scotland and the North of England by Fry and Gurney. Click to enlarge.

Extracts from Prisons in Scotland and the North of England by Fry and Gurney. Click to enlarge.

Extracts from Prisons in Scotland and the North of England by Fry and Gurney. Click to enlarge.

Extracts from Prisons in Scotland and the North of England, by Elizabeth Fry and Joseph Gurney, 1819. (DUL ref: Routh 64. C.25)

 

Fry and Gurney made their tour of prisons in 1818, over 40 years after Howard had reported his findings. Take a close look at this source (an enlarged version and transcript are available) to see if any progress had been made.

1. Make a list of all the faults contained in this report about the various Durham prisons.

2. Why would the authors express concern that prisoners were not being 'classified'?

3. What do the authors mean by 'ironed only when refractory'?

4. What is meant by 'they find their own firing'? What consequences might this have for some prisoners?

5. What features of the new Durham prison do they like?

6. What other features would the authors like to see in the new Durham prison?

7. Has there been any improvement since John Howard visited?

8. Having read these extracts, what principles in running a prison are important to Fry and Gurney?

Once you have finished, find out more about Fry and Gurney's views on the purpose on punishment and the role of prisons.

 

Find out more about Fry & Gurney's thoughts on crime and punishment.Go to the section on John Howard

 

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