addition to reporting on the state of individual prisons in England
and Wales, Howard also made general observations about the prison system.
Read the source very carefully (an enlarged
version and transcript
are available) and then try to answer the following questions.
a list of all the things that Howard thinks are wrong with prisons.
many of these faults did he find when he inspected the old Gaol at Durham?
does this comparison tell you about the need for a new prison in Durham?
your answer to question 1, make a list of the reforms that Howard might
have campaigned for.
information on this site and other sources of information, find out
if Howard's campaign for an improvment in prison conditions was successful.
you have finished, find out if there had been any improvements by looking
at what Fry and Gurney discovered when they visited