Go to 4schools home pageGo to a glossaryGo to a Timeline Links to other useful websitesGo to an archive of additional sourcesGo to a Gallery of student's work
Print this sourceGo to a worksheet for this activityFind out more about John HowardGo to a transcript of this sourceGo to an enlarged version of this source
Home > Crime and Punishment in Durham > Prison Reform > The work of John Howard
 

 The work of John Howard

Go to section on Crimes and Criminals

Go to section on Punishments

Go to section on Prison Reforms and Reformers

Go to section on the Bloody Code

Find out more about prison life

Go to section on the history of Durham Prison

 

 

Extract from The State of Prisons by John Howard, 1777. Click to enlarge.

Extracts from The State of Prisons in England and Wales by John Howard, 1777 (DUL ref: Winterbottom+ K2/1)

 

John Howard toured the country in the 1770s visiting many gaols, bridewells and houses of correction, including Durham. He published his findings in 1777 in a book entitled The State of Prisons in England and Wales. We are going to use his findings for Durham (an enlarged version of the source and a transcript are available) to see what the prison was like at the end of the eighteenth century.

1. Who works in the gaol?

2. The Gaoler received no salary so how did he make money from his job?

3. What was the maximum number of prisoners at the county gaol?

4. Does anything surprise you about the number of debtors and felons that were imprisoned at this time?

5. How did the Gaoler get his job? (Note: durante Beneplacito means 'during pleasure', ie for as long as the Bishop likes.)

6. If the Bishop runs the prison, what does that tell us about his role in the running of the county? Think about the law and criminals.

Finished? Move on to the next page to find out more about conditions in Durham Gaol.

 

 

 

Go to next page

 

Home | Glossary | Timeline | Links | Archive | Gallery
 Print | Worksheet | More info | Transcript | Close up