1865 Prisons Act combined Gaols and Houses of Corrections into Prisons
and set strict rules for their governance. The Assistant Director of
Prisons, Sir Edmund du Cane, promised that prisoners would get "Hard
Labour, Hard Fare and Hard Board". We are going to look at an extract
from the rules (an enlarged version
and transcript are
available)for Durham prison to see how they were affected by the work
of the prison reformers.
are the rules governing the employment of debtors?
are criminal prisoners awaiting trial allowed to do?
many hours of hard labour are prisoners of the first class allowed to
do each day?
4. Do you
think that hard labour and employment are the same?
Fry and Gurney approve of these new rules governing the work of prisoners?
Give reasons for your answer.
6. Do you
think that prisoners in 1865 were treated better or worse than prisoners
in 1819? What does this tell us about the work of the prison reformers?
use a plan of Durham prison to see if the
work of the reformers had an influence.