arrives in the country for the first time. The first victim is Ellen
Hazard, a 12 year old from Sunderland.
Corporations Act passed, reforming local government. From now on,
local government will consist of councillors elected by local ratepayers.
Commission into the Employment of Children in Mines. The findings
of this report scandalise the country and lead to the Mines Act
of the same year. This Act prohibits women, girls and boys under
the age of ten from working underground.
Chadwick's Enquiry into the Sanitary Condition of the Labouring
Population of Britain reveals that the drainage, sewerage and
sanitation provision in industrial areas is woefully inadequate.
first coal mine is opened near Crook by Messrs Pease and partners.
More pits are opened in the 1850s and 1860s.
is established as a separate parish.
potato famine. Failure of the potato crop results in widespread
famine. Thousands die and large numbers are forced to emigrate.
Health Act passed which allows local boards of health to be set
up and local medical officers to be appointed. The provisions are
not popular with ratepayers and little changes.
outbreak of cholera.
1851 Census reveals that 3,946 people are resident in Crook.
outbreak of cholera.
Snow makes the connection between the outbreak of cholera and contaminated
Ordnance Survey map for the area around Durham is published.
1861 Census shows that Crook has 5,800 residents.
and Labourers' Dwellings Act passed. This allows local authorities
to force owners to demolish or repair insanitary housing.
Education Act is passed. School is made compulsory for all children
between the ages of 5 and 13. School fees could be charged but poor
parents were exempted from paying.
Health Act makes the appointment of medical officers compulsory and
permits sanitary authorities to be established.
Public Health Act is passed which gives sanitary authorities the power
to enforce sanitary regulations.
Education Act is passed. Attendance at school is made compulsory between
the ages of 5 and 10 but children over that age could attend part-time
if they had reached a certain standard.
Census of 1881 finds that 11,098 people are resident in Crook.
population of Crook has now risen to 11,430 according to the 1891
second edition of the Ordnance Survey for the area around Durham is
published showing the huge expansion that has taken place in many
of the towns and villages.
population is now 11,471.
Act is passed. This Act establishes Local Education Authorities and
allows them to provide secondary education.