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What problems did the settlers face? Source 1 Transcript

In the meane while you shall understand, that since Sir Richard Greenvils departure from us, as also before, we have discovered the maine to be the goodliest soyle under the cope of heaven, so abounding with sweete trees, that bring such sundry rich and pleasant gummes, grapes of such greatnesse, yet wilde, as France, Spaine nor Italie have no greater, so many lots of Apothocarie drugs, such severall kindes of flaxe & one kind like silke, the same gathered of a grasse, as common there, as grasse is here. And now within these few dayes we have found here Maiz or Guinie wheate, whole eare yeeldeth corne for bread 400 upon one eare, and the Cane maketh very good and perfect sugar, also Terra Samia, otherwise Terra figillata. Besides that, it is the goodliest and most pleasing Territorie of the world; for the continent is of an huge and unknowen greatnesse, and very well peopled and towned, though savagely, and the climate is wholesome, that wee had not one sicke since we touched land here. To conclude, of Virginia had but horses and kine in some reasonable proportion, I dare assure my selfe being inhabited with English, no realme in Christendome were comparable to it. For this already we finde, that what commodities soeuer Spaine, France, Italy, or the East partes doe yield unto us, in wines of all sortes, in oyles, in flaxe, in rocens, frakencence, corans, sugers, and such like, these parts doe abound with the growth of them all, but being Savages that possesse the land, they know no use of the same. And sundry other rich commodities that no parts of the world, be they West or East Indies, have here wee find great abundance of. The people naturally are most curteous, and very desirous to have clothes, but especially of course cloth rather then silke, course canvas they also like well of, but copper caryeth the price of all, so it be made red.

Simplified Transcript
In the meantime, you will understand that since Sir Richard Grenville left we have discovered that the maine has wonderful soil, there are so many trees that we can get gum from, more wild grapes than France, Spain or Italy, lots of drugs you can use for medicine, several kinds of flax, and a kind of silk which you get from grass and is as common over here as grass is in England. In the past few days we have found maize or guinea wheat which can be used to make bread, cane that makes very good sugar, also terra samia or terra figillata. It is the best and most pleasing land in the world. The continent is of a huge and unknown size, there are lots of native people and the climate is so good that nobody has been ill since we arrived. I think that if Virginia had a reasonable amount of horses and cows and if it was inhabited by English people, no other country in Christendom could compare to it. We have found that whatever goods can be found in Spain, France, Italy or the East, such as wines, oils, flax, raisins, frankincense, currants, sugars, can be found here. The natives that possess the land don’t know of their use. There are also lots of other goods here which can’t be found in the East or West Indies. The people here are very polite and want to have clothes, especially those made of coarse cloth rather than silk. They also like coarse canvas but the thing they value most is copper.


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