THE TREATY OF BREST-LITOVSK,
- ARTICLE 1. Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria,
and Turkey on the one hand and Russia on the other declare that the condition
of war between them bas ceased. They have decided to live in peace and
accord in the future.
- ARTICLE 2. The contracting parties will refrain
from all agitation or propaganda against the governments or all state and
military institutions of the other side. . . .
- ARTICLE 3. The territories lying to the west
of the line determined by the contracting powers and which formerly belonged
to Russia will no longer be under her sovereignty. ... Russia gives up
all interference in the internal affairs of the said countries. Germany
and Austria-Hungary intend to determine the future fate of the said territories
with the consent of their inhabitants.
- ARTICLE 4. Germany is ready, as soon as general
peace is established and Russian demobilisation will have completely taken
place, to vacate the territories lying east of the line mentioned in ...
article 3. ... Russia will do all in her power to have the provinces of
eastern Anatolia promptly evacuated and returned to Turkey. The territories
of Ardakhan, Kars and Batum will also be cleared without delay of Russian
- ARTICLE 5. Russia will, without delay, proceed
to demobilise her army, including those army units newly formed by her
present government. Moreover, Russia will either bring her warships into
Russian ports and keep them there until general peace is concluded, or
will disarm them at once....
- ARTICLE 6. Russia undertakes to conclude peace
at once with the Ukrainian people's republic and to recognise the treaty
of peace between the state and the powers of the Quadruple Alliance. The
territory of the Ukraine must be, at once, cleared of Russian troops and
the Russian Red Guard. Russia ceases all agitation or propaganda against
the government or the public institutions of the Ukrainian people's republic.
Estonia and Lithuania must also be immediately cleared of Russian troops
and the Russian Red Guard... Finland and the Aland Islands will also be,
without delay, cleared of Russian troops and the Russian Red Guard and
Finnish ports of the Russian fleet and of Russian naval forces.... Russia
ceases all agitation or propaganda against the government or public institutions
- ARTICLE 7. ... the contracting parties bind themselves
to respect the political and economic independence and the territorial
inviolability of Persia and Afghanistan.
- ARTICLE 8. The prisoners of war of both parties
will be allowed to return home... .
- ARTICLE 9. The contracting parties mutually renounce
all indemnifications for their war expenses, that is, for government expenses
for conducting the war, ... including all requisitions made in the enemy's
- [ARTICLES 10-13 deal with technical matters]
- ARTICLE 14. The present peace treaty must be
ratified. Exchange of ratification documents must take place in Berlin
as soon as possible. The Russian Government binds itself to execute the
exchange of ratification documents ... in the course of two weeks ... .