Explaining the difference between Formatives and Summatives.

Many students who first arrive in Durham are baffled over what on earth formatives and summatives are – I know I was. Especially as not all universities have these and if they do, they may be called something different.

essay writingSo what are formatives? Formatives are pieces of work you write and submit to your lecturer. These are assessed but do not go towards your grade. What is the point of this then? This helps you to know what sort of level your work is at; it’s a way to get valuable comments on your work so then you know how to improve in  future. The comments can be invaluable, hence why it is important for you to do them (formatives aren’t compulsory for most departments, but are encouraged). Formatives can be different in structure, some may be an essay plan, others a full essay, some a practical write up and each with their own word count. I have found that if it’s an essay plan then it’s highly valuable, for the lecturers comments help you know how to write the essay that does go towards your grade. These formatives can be for each module you take, and for each module it’s different. So make sure you check what it is in your module handbook or ask the lecturer.

boys studyingSo what does go towards your grades? That’s where summatives come in. Summatives are pieces of work that do count towards your grade and most often come after a formative that usually helps in the planning for it. These summatives can be different in percentages of your final module grade, dependant on each module, for example 15% or 30% of the module grade. Likewise they can be of different word counts, i.e. 1000 words or 3000 words. These may each need their own particular structure that fit the modules requirements that the lecturers will tell you and the module handbooks found on DUO will state; such as if it’s an essay and how it should be written; a research proposal; a practical write up. Summatives are compulsory and should be submitted by a certain date and time in order to be marked – make sure you submit in time!

Lecturer feedbackFrom personal experience I would highly recommend meeting with your lecturer for the particular module your work is on during their office hours (found on DUO) to ask for advice and pose any questions you have, before the formative and summative is due. Likewise go back to your lecturer after the work has been assessed to ask for feedback; why they marked it a certain way and put certain comments, just so you know how to improve in future and so you can understand why you were given your grade and how you can improve.

Freya Smellie

Freya Smellie

Hey, I’m Freya Smellie. I study Anthropology at Durham University, I’m Sponsorship Executive Member of Team Durham Polo Club, and I’m a media manager for Draper London – a luxury linen brand. I’m a country bumpkin who loves to travel and get involved in many new experiences. Hobbies include finding the best Bloody Marys!
Freya Smellie

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