DCD 3.7.Spec.21.

Ed. Feodarium p. 125

Charter of Geoffrey son of Richard granting 44 acres of moor etc. in Silksworth (Co. Durham) to Philip son of Hamo sheriff.

No date; [c.1185: Philip in office as sheriff c.1180 - c.1195]

A typical example of a private charter of the period, with Geoffrey greeting 'Omnibus hominibus et amicis suis. et omnibus uidentibus et audientibus litteras istas' [view], and announcing, with an accusative-and-infinitive construction, that 'me dedisse. concessisse. et presentj Carta confirmasse' to Philip 'pro homagio et seruitio suo' [view] 48 acres 'in incrementum terre quam de me tenet in eadem uilla' [view], in four specified places, and a toft and croft, to be 'tenenda sibj et heredibus suis de me et heredibus meis in feudum et hereditatem. reddendo mihi annuatjm .iijes. libras piperis et .ij. libras cuminj in nundinis Sanctj Cuthbertj apud Duneml- pro omnnibus rebus' [view], free 'ab omnj alio seruitio et consuetudine et exactione. et ab omnibus rebus que de terra aliqua exigi possunt' [view], and then, without either warranty or sealing clause, listing the witnesses. The fact that the first witness is Bishop Hugh (d. 1195) suggests strongly that this transaction took place in the bishop's court, cf. 4.16.Spec.45b . The names of the witnesses from Richard de Parca onwards were added by the principal scribe using a finer pen, and these may have been added after the charter had been sealed, space having been left for the purpose.

The expert scribe, who also worked for Bishop Hugh, made regular use of the long i or j for terminal i and other terminal minims (e.g. as in in), affording him further opportunities for the calligraphic treatment of descenders which create a marked pattern of diagonals in the interlinear space. Numbers expressed in roman numerals are, as was normal, set off by a pair of dots or gemipunctus.

The seal, a fine example of the equestrian designs used by barons of the period, is attached on a simple tag.

This charter presumably came into the monks' possession when Philip son of Hamo included this land in his grant to them shortly after Bishop Hugh's death in 1195, Feodarium pp. 18-19.