DCD Bursar's Book A f. 82v.

Cf. ed. of rental for 1340-1: Durham Cathedral Priory Rentals, 32-67.

Rental of the main monastic estate, [1343-4].

A typical example of a group of rentals, ranging in date from 1334 to 1348, bound together by the sixteenth century, to judge by the foliation at the top of each recto. Each follows an established pattern, beginning with Wallsend, in Northumberland but in the parish of Jarrow, and then proceeding round the estate in County Durham clockwise; most conclude with a section recording sales of tithes. Each township is treated separately, having its own heading, and a space left before the next township, features that greatly assist in navigating the document. Within each township each holding is treated separately, so, for instance, at Newton Ketton the same tenant held the first and second holdings, and similarly the third and fourth. Each entry gives the name of the tenant and describes the holding; the amount due is given in a column to the right. Most rents were due twice a year, at Martinmas and Pentecost, and here these rentals vary: some cover only one of these terms, and some of those that cover both have separate columns for each, others just one, as here. In the latter case the entries for holdings from which rent was due only once a year make this clear, so at Burdon `{a} {b} De Willelmo de Skraston- pro Cotagio Ade Tokes xij d- {a} De Ade de Toucotes pro .j tofto .xxx acris ad festum Sancti Martini tantum j. libra cymini {a} De Magistro Gilberto de Burdon pro j tofto xlv acris ad eundem terminum xij d- et dimidia libra cymini' [view]; the second and third entries, paying only at Martinmas, were freeholdings (Feodarium pp. 45-47, ). To the left of the original entries a and b were added in most cases; it is clear from the first two entries at Barmpton and Skerningham (`{a} De domino Willelmo Tailleboys Willelmo de Skyrnyngham et Rogero Gylet ad festum Sancti Martini tantum lx s- {b} De Eisdem ad festum Pentecostes xl s-') that a referred to payment made at Martinmas, and b to one at Pentecost. The fact that some rents were payable only once a year accounts for the difference between the totals for the two terms added below many of the sections.
A contemporary addition towards the end of the entries for Wolviston notes `nunc Megota filia Willelmi de Coldingham' [view], and she is recorded as the tenant of this holding in the next rental.
Like the others the present rental is a single quire, in this case originally of 18 leaves; vertical rows of small slits close to outer edges of the leaves guided the ruling that is faintly visible on some leaves. To avoid the labour of compiling a rental once or twice each year the expedient of drawing one up with exceptionally wide left margins was adopted; this allowed for the addition of a string of letters as payments were made, while the names of former tenants were scraped out and new names put in their place. In the one surviving example (Bursar's Book D) up to 11 eleven different letters were added against entries, indicating that the rental was used over a period of five-and-a-half years, beginning at Pentecost 1382, although not all the tenants' names were altered when they should have been.