Publications

Books and book chapters

Arthur, J., Waring, M., Coe, R. and Hedges, L.V. (Ed.s) (2012) Research Methods and Methodologies in Education. London: Sage.

Coe, R.J. (2012) ‘The nature of educational research – exploring the different understandings of educational research’ in J. Arthur, M. Waring, R. Coe, and L.V. Hedges (Ed.s) (2012) Research Methods and Methodologies in Education. London: Sage.

Coe, R.J. (2012) ‘Conducting your research’ in J. Arthur, M. Waring, R. Coe, and L.V. Hedges (Ed.s) (2012) Research Methods and Methodologies in Education. London: Sage.

Coe, R.J. (2012) ‘Effect Size’ in J. Arthur, M. Waring, R. Coe, and L.V. Hedges (Ed.s) (2012) Research Methods and Methodologies in Education. London: Sage.

Tymms, P. and Coe, R. (2009) ‘Conclusions: Assessment in an Era of Globalization’ in E. Grigorenko (ed) Multicultural Psychoeducational Assessment. Madison, WI: Apex.

Coe, R. (2007) ‘Common Examinee Methods’ in P. Newton, J. Baird, H. Goldstein, H. Patrick and P. Tymms (Eds) Techniques for monitoring the comparability of examination standards. London: Qualifications and Curriculum Authority.

Coe, R. (2007) ‘Commentary on Chapter 4: “Alternative conceptions of comparability” by Jo-Anne Baird’ in P. Newton, J. Baird, H. Goldstein, H. Patrick and P. Tymms (Eds) Techniques for monitoring the comparability of examination standards. London: Qualifications and Curriculum Authority.

Coe, R. (2006) ‘What do we really know from school improvement and effectiveness research?’ in D.Kassem, E. Mufti and J. Robinson (Eds.) Educational Studies: Issues and Critical Perspectives. Maidenhead: Open University Press.

Coe, R. (2004) ‘Issues arising from the use of effect sizes in analysing and reporting research’ in I. Schagen and K. Elliot (Eds) But what does it mean? The use of effect sizes in educational research. Slough: National Foundation for Educational Research.

Visscher, A.J. and Coe, R. (eds.) (2002) School Improvement Through Performance Feedback. Rotterdam: Swets and Zeitlinger  (272pp).

Coe, R. (2002) ‘Evidence on the Role and Impact of Performance Feedback in Schools’ in A.J.Visscher and R. Coe (eds.) School Improvement Through Performance Feedback. Swets and Zeitlinger.

Murdoch, K. and Coe, R. (1997) Working with ALIS: a study of how schools and colleges are using a value added and attitude indicator system.  University of Durham, School of Education (ISBN 0-903-38074-9).

Coe, R., Roder, P. and Searle, J. (1993) Handling Data: School Mathematics Project, Modular Mathematics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (ISBN 0-521-447321)

Peer refereed journals

Dumay, X., Coe, R., and Anumendem, D.  (in press, 2013) ‘Stability over time of different methods of estimating school performance’. School Effectiveness and School Improvement, vol , no , pp . http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09243453.2012.759599

Thomas  J., Graziosi  S., Higgins  S., Coe  R., Torgerson  C., Newman  M. (2012)  Teaching meta-analysis using MetaLight. BMC Research Notes, 2012, 5:571. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1756-0500/5/571

Hodgen, J., Kuchemann, D., Brown, M. and Coe, R. (2010) ‘Lower secondary school students’ attitudes to mathematics: evidence from a large-scale survey in England’. Research in Mathematics Education, 12,1, 75-76

Coe, R. (2010) “Back to the linking construct: A commentary on ‘Thinking about Linking’ by Paul E Newton”. Measurement: Interdisciplinary Research and Perspectives, 8, 1, pp38-56

Coe, R. (2010) ‘Understanding comparability of examination standards’ Research Papers in Education, 25, 3, 271-284.

Hodgen, J., Kuchemann, D., Brown, M. and Coe, R. (2010) ‘Lower secondary school students’ knowledge of fractions’. Research in Mathematics Education, 12, 1, 75-76.

Archer, E., Scherman, V., Coe, R. & Howie, S.J. (2010) ‘Finding the best fit: the adaptation and translation of the Performance Indicators for Primary Schools (PIPS) for the South African context’. Perspectives in Education, 28, 1, 77-88.

Coe, R. (2009) ‘Unobserved but not unimportant: The effects of unmeasured variables on causal attributions’. Effective Education, 1, 2, 101-122. [Pre-print version available at http://dro.dur.ac.uk/6424/]

Coe, R (2009) ‘School Improvement: Reality and Illusion’ British Journal of Educational Studies, 57, 4, 363-379.

Hodgen, J., Kuchemann, D., Brown, M. and Coe, R. (2009) ‘Children’s understandings of algebra 30 years on’. Research in Mathematics Education, 11, 2, 193-194

Davies, P, Davies, N, Hutton, D, Adnett, N and Coe, R (2009) ‘Choosing in  schools: locating the benefits of specialisation’. Oxford Review of Education,  35, 2, 147-167.

Davies, P, Adnett, N, Telhaj, S, Hutton, D and Coe, R (2009) ‘Competition, cream-skimming and department performance within secondary schools’. British Educational Research Journal,  35:1.

Tymms, P. B., Merrell, C., & Coe, R. (2008). Educational policies and randomized controlled trials.  Psychology of Education Review, 32 (2), pp3-7 & 26-9.

Coe, R (2008) ‘Comparability of GCSE examinations in different subjects: an application of the Rasch model’ Oxford Review of Education, 34, 5, 609-636

Davies, P,Telhaj, S, Hutton, D, Adnett, N and Coe, R (2008) ‘Socioeconomic background, gender and subject choice in secondary schooling’ Educational Research, 50, 3, 235-248

Luyten, H., Peschar, J. and Coe, R. (2008) ‘Effects of Schooling on Reading Performance, Reading Engagement, and Reading Activities of 15-Year-Olds in England’. American Educational Research Journal, vol.45, no.2, p.319-342.

Shayer, M., Ginsburg, D. and Coe, R. (2007) ‘Thirty Years on—a large anti-Flynn effect?  The Piagetian test Volume & Heaviness norms 1975-2003’. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 77, 1, 25-41.

Coe, R. (2005) ‘What Kind of Evidence Does Government Need?’ Editorial to a Special Issue of Evaluation & Research in Education Vol. 18 Nos 1&2.

Barmby, P. and Coe, R. (2004) “Evaluating the MEI ‘Enabling Access to Further Mathematics’ Project”, Teaching Mathematics and its Applications, Vol. 23, No 3, pp119-132.

Penny, A.R. and Coe, R. (2004) ‘Effectiveness of Consultation on Student Ratings Feedback: A Meta-Analysis’. Review of Educational Research, 74, 2, pp215-253.

Coe, R. and Merino Soto, C. (2003) ‘¿Magnitud del Efecto?:  Guía inicial para usuarios’ Revista de Psicología, 21, 1, 146-177.

Visscher, A.J. and Coe, R. (2003) ‘School performance feedback systems: conceptualisation, analysis and reflection’. School Effectiveness and School Improvement, 14, 3, 321-349.

Tymms, P. and Coe, R. (2003) ‘Celebration of the Success of Distributed Research with Schools: the CEM Centre, Durham’. British Educational Research Journal, 29, 5, 639-653.

Constable, H. and Coe, R. (2000) ‘Evidence and Indicators: Dialogue, Improvement and Researching for Others’ (Editorial)  Evaluation and Research in Education, 14, 3 & 4, 1-9.

Coe, R. and Constable, H. (2000) (Guest editors of a special issue on Evidence-Based Policies and Indicator Systems)  Evaluation and Research in Education, Vol. 14, 3 & 4.

Coe, R. (1998) ‘Can Feedback Improve Teaching?’  Research Papers in Education, 13, 1, 43-66.

Coe, R.J. and Fitz-Gibbon, C.T. (1998) ‘School effectiveness research: criticisms and recommendations’.  Oxford Review of Education, 24, 4, 421-438

Ruthven, K. and Coe, R.J. (1994) ‘A structural analysis of students’ epistemic views’.  Educational Studies in Mathematics, 27, 101-109.

Coe, R.J. and Ruthven, K. (1994) ‘Proof practices and constructs of advanced mathematics students.’ British Educational Research Journal, 20, 1, 41-53.

Research Reports

Coe, R. and Walker, M. (2013) ‘Standard Setting & Maintenance for Reformed GCSE Qualifications: A report for Pearson’. Centre for Evaluation and Monitoring, Durham University, February 2013.

Coe, R., Jones, K., Bramley, T., Lamprianou, I. & Jamalzadeh, M. (2010) Evaluation of Procedures for Calculating National Ratings: A Report for the Scottish Qualifications Authority. Centre for Evaluation and Monitoring, Durham University, September 2010.

Searle, J. & Coe, R. (2010) Evaluation to explore the possible impacts of Science Learning Centre North East Professional Development Programme on teachers’ practices (Final Report, Revised July 2010). Centre for Evaluation and Monitoring, Durham University.

Coe, R. & Kokotsaki, D. (2010) How can Educational Accountability Systems Help the Poorest Children? A Report for Save the Children. Centre for Evaluation and Monitoring, Durham University, Feb 2010.

Wiggins, A., Coe, R., Jones, K. & Kan, M-Y (2009) Evidence of educational support outside of school. London: Sutton Trust. Available at http://suttontrust.com/reports/Sutton_Trust_Home_Education_Support.pdf

Coe, R., Jones, K., Searle, J., Kokotsaki, D., Mohd Kosnin, A. and Skinner, P. (2008) Evidence on the effects of selective educational systems. London: Sutton Trust, October 2008 http://www.suttontrust.com/reports/SuttonTrustFullReportFinal.pdf

Coe, R., Searle, J., Barmby, P., Jones, K. and Higgins, S. (2008)  Relative difficulty of examinations in different subjects. Report for SCORE (Science Community Supporting Education), July, 2008. Curriculum, Evaluation and Management Centre, Durham University. Available at http://www.cemcentre.org/documents/news/SCORE2008report.pdf

Coe, R. (2007) Changes in standards at GCSE and A-Level: Evidence from ALIS and YELLIS.  Report for the Office of National Statistics, April 2007. Curriculum, Evaluation and Management Centre, Durham University. Available at http://www.cemcentre.org/documents/CEM%20Extra/SpecialInterests/Exams/ONS%20report%20on%20changes%20at%20GCSE%20and%20A-level.pdf

Jones, K and Coe, R (2006) Evaluation of Increased Flexibility Programme, Cohort 3: A report for Tyne and Wear Learning and Skills Council.  CEM Centre, Durham University. July 2006.

Tymms, P., Coe, R. and Merrell, C. (2005) Standards in English schools: changes since 1997 and the impact of government policies and initiatives:  A report for the Sunday Times.   April 2005  [Available at http://www.times-archive.co.uk/onlinespecials/english_in_schools.html] [Sunday Times article published 1 May 2005 http://www.timesonline.co.uk/article/0,,2087-1592747,00.html]

Barmby, P. and Coe, R. (2004) Evaluation of the Repayment of Teachers’ Loans Scheme. Department for Education and Skills, Research Report No. 576. [Available at http://www.dfes.gov.uk/research/data/uploadfiles/RR576.pdf]

Priest, J. and Coe, R. (2004) An exploration of the use of ICT at the Millennium Primary School, Greenwich. Coventry: British Educational Communications and Technology Agency (Becta). [Available at http://www.becta.org.uk/page_documents/research/greenwich_mps_report.pdf]

Barmby, P., Tymms, P. and Coe, R. (2003) Primary Quality Mark Research: Module 4  Summary, The Basic Skills Agency, London.

Barmby, P., Coe, R. and Tymms, P. (2003) Primary Quality Mark Research: Module 3 Summary, The Basic Skills Agency, London.

Tymms, P., Coe, R. and Barmby, P. (2002) Module 2 Summary: LEA Focus, The Basic Skills Agency, London.  Also available from The Basic Skills Agency website <http://www.qmark.basic-skills.co.uk/index.php> [Accessed 12th May 2003]

Tymms, P., Coe, R. and Barmby, P. (2002) Primary Quality Mark Research: Module 1 Summary. London: The Basic Skills Agency. [Available from The Basic Skills Agency website http://www.qmark.basic-skills.co.uk/index.php]

Coe, R. (2000) A Good Start:  An Evaluation of the Greggs Assisted Breakfast Clubs Initiative in Four Tyneside Schools. Curriculum, Evaluation and Management Centre, University of Durham, July 2000.

Coe, R and Ndaji, F. (2000) Evaluation of BBC Key Stage 3 Geography Interactive.  Curriculum, Evaluation and Management Centre, University of Durham.

Coe, R. (2000) Durham LEA Key Stage 3 Initiative: An Implementation Evaluation.  Curriculum, Evaluation and Management Centre, University of Durham, May 2000.

Coe, R. (2000) Drug use by young people in Durham and Darlington.  Curriculum, Evaluation and Management Centre, University of Durham, February 2000.

Other publications

Coe, R., Kime, S., Nevill, C. and Coleman, R. (2013) ‘The DIY Evaluation Guide’. London: Education Endowment Foundation. [Available at http://educationendowmentfoundation.org.uk/library/diy-evaluation-guide]

Higgins, S., Katsipataki, M., Kokotsaki, D., Coleman, R., Major, L.E., & Coe, R. (2013). The Sutton Trust-Education Endowment Foundation Teaching and Learning Toolkit. London: Education Endowment Foundation. [Available at http://www.educationendowmentfoundation.org.uk/toolkit]

Thomas J, Graziosi S, Higgins S, Coe R, Torgerson C, Newman M (2011) MetaLight: software for learning and doing meta-analysis. London: EPPI-Centre, Social Science Research Unit, Institute of Education

Higgins, S., Kokotsaki, D. & Coe, R. (2011) Toolkit of Strategies to Improve Learning: Summary for schools spending the pupil premium. May 2011. Sutton Trust: London. http://www.suttontrust.com/research/toolkit-of-strategies-to-improve-learning/

Torgerson, C.J., Wiggins, A., Torgerson, D.J., Ainsworth, H., Barmby, P., Hewitt, C., Jones, K., Hendry, V., Askew, M., Bland, M., Coe, R., Higgins, S., Hodgen, J., Hulme, C., Tymms, P. (2011) Every Child Counts: the independent evaluation - Technical report. Department for Education, Research Report DFE-RR091a. [http://www.education.gov.uk/publications/eOrderingDownload/DFE-RR091A.pdf

Coe, R. (2010) ‘Vertical Scaling of the PIPS Y1-Y6 tests using common items and linked InCAS items: Technical Report’.  Centre for Evaluation and Monitoring (CEM), Durham University, December 2010.

Coe, R. (2010) ‘Standards Issue’ Make the Grade, Summer 2010, p18-21. Chartered Insititute of Educational Assessors. Available at http://www.ciea.org.uk

Sykes, R., et al. (2010) The Sir Richard Sykes Review. London: Conservative Party. Available at http://www.conservatives.com/News/News_stories/2010/03/~/media/Files/Downloadable%20Files/Sir%20Richard%20Sykes_Review.ashx

Coe, R. & Kokotsaki, D. (2010) How can Educational Accountability Systems Help the Poorest Children? A Report for Save the Children. Centre for Evaluation and Monitoring, Durham University, Feb 2010.

Wiggins, A., Coe, R., Jones, K. & Kan, M-Y (2009) Evidence of educational support outside of school. London: Sutton Trust. Available at http://suttontrust.com/reports/Sutton_Trust_Home_Education_Support.pdf

Coe, R., Jones, K., Searle, J., Kokotsaki, D., Mohd Kosnin, A. and Skinner, P. (2008) Evidence on the effects of selective educational systems. London: Sutton Trust, October 2008 Available at http://www.suttontrust.com/reports/SuttonTrustFullReportFinal.pdf
[Summary report: http://www.suttontrust.com/reports/GrammarsReviewSummary.pdf ]

Coe, R. and Tymms, P. (2008) ‘Summary of Research on Changes in Educational Standards in the UK’, in M. Harris, Education Briefing Book 2008: IoD Policy Paper. London: Institute of Directors, August 2008.

Coe, R., Searle, J., Barmby, P., Jones, K. and Higgins, S. (2008)  Relative difficulty of examinations in different subjects. Report for SCORE (Science Community Supporting Education), July, 2008. Curriculum, Evaluation and Management Centre, Durham University. Available at http://www.cemcentre.org/attachments/SCORE2008report.pdf
Summary at http://www.cemcentre.org/attachments/SCORE2008summary.pdf

Coe, R. (2007) Changes in standards at GCSE and A-Level: Evidence from ALIS and YELLIS.  Report for the Office of National Statistics, April 2007. Curriculum, Evaluation and Management Centre, Durham University. Available at http://www.cemcentre.org/attachments/ONS%20report%20on%20changes%20at%20GCSE%20and%20A-level.pdf

Coe, R. (2006) ‘What is Assessment for?’ Make the Grade, September 2006. Insititute of Educational Assessors.

Tymms, P., Coe, R. and Merrell, C. (2005) Standards in English schools: changes since 1997 and the impact of government policies and initiatives:  A report for the Sunday Times.   April 2005  [Available at http://www.times-archive.co.uk/onlinespecials/english_in_schools.html] [Sunday Times article published 1 May 2005 http://www.timesonline.co.uk/article/0,,2087-1592747,00.html]

Telhaj, S., Hutton, D., Davies, P., Adnett, N., and Coe, R. (2004) ‘Competition Within Schools: Representativeness of Yellis Sample Schools in a Study of Subject Enrollment of 14-16 Year Olds’.  Institute for Education Policy Research, Staffordshire University, Working paper 2004/11   http://www.staffs.ac.uk/schools/business/iepr/docs/Working-paper11.doc

Barmby, P. and Coe, R. (2004) Evaluation of the Repayment of Teachers’ Loans Scheme. Department for Education and Skills, Research Report No. 576. http://www.dfes.gov.uk/research/data/uploadfiles/RR576.pdf

Priest, J. and Coe, R. (2004) An exploration of the use of ICT at the Millennium Primary School, Greenwich. Coventry: British Educational Communications and Technology Agency (Becta). (24pp) http://www.becta.org.uk/page_documents/research/greenwich_mps_report.pdf

Barmby, P., Coe, R. and Tymms, P. (2003) ‘Evaluation of the Basic Skills Agency’s Primary Quality Mark: Final report’. May 2003. The Basic Skills Agency, London.

Coe, R. (2002) What is an effect size? Research Capacity Building, Issue 4, November 2002, p6. [Available at  <http://www.cf.ac.uk/socsi/capacity/Journal.html>]

Coe, R. (2002) It's the effect size, stupid: what effect size is and why it is important. Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the British Educational Research Association, University of Exeter, England, 12-14 September 2002. [Available from  http://www.leeds.ac.uk/educol/]

Coe, R. (2000) Effect Size Calculator (Spreadsheet and User Guide). CEM Centre, Durham University. Avaliable at http://www.cemcentre.org/renderpage.asp?linkID=30325017

Coe, R. (2000) ‘Words of wisdom: feedback that works.’  Curriculum Management Update, March 2000, p7.

Coe, R. (2000) ‘Changes in examination grades over time: is the same worth less?’  School Leadership and Management, 20, 2, 269-70.

Coe, R (1998) “Feedback, value added and teachers’ attitudes: models, theories and experiments” PhD dissertation, University of Durham, UK. Available at http://www.dur.ac.uk/r.j.coe/CoePhDthesis.pdf

Book Reviews

Coe, R. (2005). ‘Review of “Assessing Teacher Effectiveness: Developing a Differentiated Model” by Jim Campbell, Leonidas Kyriakides, Daniel Muijs and Wendy Robinson. London: RoutledgeFalmer (2004).’ British Journal of Educational Studies 53(4): 492-494.

Coe, R. (2003). ‘Review of “The International Handbook of School Effectiveness Research” by Charles Teddlie and David Reynolds. London: RoutledgeFalmer (2000).’ Educational Management and Administration 31(1): 111-2.

Conference papers

Brown, Margaret, Jeremy Hodgen, Robert Coe, Dietmar Küchemann, David Pepper (2010) The relationship between attitudes and attainment in secondary school mathematics. Paper presented at the British Educational Research Association Annual Conference, September 2010, University of Warwick.

Hodgen, Jeremy, Robert Coe, Margaret Brown, Dietmar Küchemann (2010) The attainment of English secondary school students: a 30-year comparison. Paper presented at the British Educational Research Association Annual Conference, September 2010, University of Warwick.

Coe, R. (2009) ‘Unobserved but not unimportant: The effects of unmeasured variables on causal attributions’. Paper presented at Randomised Controlled trials in the Social Sciences, University of York, 14-15 Sept 2009.

Hodgen, J., Küchemann, D., Brown, M. & Coe, R (2009) Secondary students’ understanding of mathematics 30 years on. Paper presented at the British Educational Research Conference, 2-5 September 2009, Manchester.

Coe, R. (2008) ‘Modelling relative subject difficulty using the Rasch model’. Presentation at the UK Rasch Users Group, 5 February 2008, Manchester. (Available at http://www.rasch.org.uk/users/index2.php?option=com_docman&task=doc_view&gid=13&Itemid=27

Coe. R. and Appleby, N. (2006) Academic mentoring in schools: a small RCT to evaluate a large policy. Invited paper presented at Randomised Controlled trials in the Social Sciences: Challenges and Prospects, University of York, 13-15 Sept 2006

Coe, R., He, Q. and Wheadon, C. (2006) The Computer Adaptive Baseline Test (CABT)  Paper presented at European Association for Research on Learning and Instruction (EARLI), Assessment Special Interest Group Conference, August 2006.

Coe, R. (2006) 'Are A levels and GCSEs getting easier?'  Presentation at 'Alternatives to A level and GCSE' Conference, Wellington College, 27th June 2006 [Available from http://www.cemcentre.org/documents/News/Are%20A%20levels%20and%20GCSEs%20getting%20easier%20(Wellington%2027.6.06).ppt ]

Barmby, P. and Coe, R. (2004) Recruiting and retaining teachers – Findings from recent studies.  Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the British Educational Research Association, UMIST, September 2004.

Davies, P., Telhaj, S., Hutton, D., Adnett, N. and Coe R. (2004) The Myth of the Bog Standard Secondary School: a school level analysis of students’ choice of optional subjects. Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the British Educational Research Association, UMIST, September 2004.

Davies, P., Telhaj, S., Hutton, D., Adnett, N. and Coe R. (2004) Institutional and social background effects on the probability of taking an examination subject at age 16. Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the British Educational Research Association, UMIST, September 2004.

Critchlow, J. and Coe, R. (2003) Serious flaws arising from the use of the median in calculating value-added measures for UK School Performance Tables. Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the International Association for Educational Assessment, Manchester, November 2003. Available at http://www.aqa.org.uk/support/iaea/papers/critchlow-coe.pdf

Coe, R. (2002) It's the effect size, stupid: what effect size is and why it is important. Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the British Educational Research Association, University of Exeter, England, 12-14 September 2002. [Available from  http://www.leeds.ac.uk/educol/]

Coe, R. and Priest, J. (2002) Finding out What Works: Collaborative experiments in education. Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the British Educational Research Association, University of Exeter, England, 12-14 September 2002.

Coe, R. (2001) How safe is that PANDA?  A comparison between DfEE benchmarking and other ways of contextualising school performance. Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the British Educational Research Association, University of Leeds, England, September 2001.

Coe, R. (2001) Using videoconferencing to teach foreign languages: Methodological implications of a small trial with no clear results. Paper presented at the Evidence-Based Policies and Indicator Systems Conference, Durham, 4-7 July 2001.

Coe, R. (2000) Target Setting and Feedback: Can they raise standards in schools?.  Paper presented at the British Educational Research Association annual conference, Cardiff, September 2000.

Coe, R., Fitz-Gibbon, C.T. and Tymms, P. (2000) Promoting Evidence-Based Education: The Role of Practitioners.  Roundtable presented at the British Educational Research Association annual conference, Cardiff, September 2000. [Available from  http://www.leeds.ac.uk/educol/]

Coe, R (1999) The effects of feedback on teachers’ attitudes: difficulties of measurement.  Paper presented at the British Educational Research Association annual conference, Brighton, September 1999.

Coe, R (1999) Changes in examination grades over time: Is the same worth less?.  Paper presented at the British Educational Research Association annual conference, Brighton, September 1999. [Available from  http://www.leeds.ac.uk/educol/]

Coe, R. (1999) School-based strategies for reducing drug misuse:  Why don’t they seem to work?  Paper presented at the European Conference for Educational Research, Lahti, September 1999.

Coe, R (1999) Improving student grades by giving feedback to teachers.  Roundtable presentation at the International Congress of School Effectiveness and School Improvement, San Antonio, January 1999.

Coe, R. and Fitz-Gibbon, C.T. (1998) School Effectiveness Research: Criticisms and Recommendations.  Paper presented at the European Conference for Educational Research, Ljubljana, September 1998.